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In vivo microdialysis and single-cell extracellular recordings were used to assess the involvement of serotonin(2A) (5-HT(2A)) and serotonin(2C/2B) (5-HT(2C/2B)) receptors in the effects induced by amphetamine and morphine on dopaminergic (DA) activity within the mesoaccumbal and nigrostriatal pathways. The increase in DA release induced by amphetamine (2(More)
Parkinson's disease is caused primarily by degeneration of brain dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and the consequent deficit of dopamine in the striatum. Dopamine replacement therapy with the dopamine precursor l-dopa is the mainstay of current treatment. After several years, however, the patients develop l-dopa-induced dyskinesia, or abnormal(More)
The 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) primate models of Parkinson's disease (PD) reproduce most, although not all, of the clinical and pathological hallmarks of PD. The present contribution presents the possibilities offered by the MPTP monkey models of PD to readers with minimal knowledge of PD, emphasizing the diversity of species, route(More)
Chronic L-dopa treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) often leads to debilitating involuntary movements, termed L-dopa-induced dyskinesia (LID), mediated by dopamine (DA) receptors. RGS9-2 is a GTPase accelerating protein that inhibits DA D2 receptor-activated G proteins. Herein, we assess the functional role of RGS9-2 on LID. In monkeys, Western blot(More)
We have associated behavioral, pharmacological, and quantitative immunohistochemical study in a rat analog of l-DOPA-induced dyskinesia to understand whether alterations in dopamine receptor fate in striatal neurons may be involved in mechanisms leading to movement abnormalities. Detailed analysis at the ultrastructural level demonstrates specific(More)
The serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5HT]) system has recently emerged as an important player in the appearance of l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (levodopa [l-dopa])-induced dyskinesia in animal models of Parkinson's disease. In fact, dopamine released as a false transmitter from serotonin neurons appears to contribute to the pulsatile stimulation of dopamine(More)
BACKGROUND The A11 diencephalospinal pathway is crucial for sensorimotor integration and pain control at the spinal cord level. When disrupted, it is thought to be involved in numerous painful conditions such as restless legs syndrome and migraine. Its anatomical organization, however, remains largely unknown in the non-human primate (NHP). We therefore(More)
During recent years, much attention has been devoted at investigating the modulatory role of central 5-HT(2C) receptors on dopamine (DA) neuron activity, and it has been proposed that these receptors modulate selectively DA exocytosis associated with increased firing of DA neurons. In the present study, using in vivo microdialysis in the nucleus accumbens(More)
Central serotonin(3) (5-HT(3)) receptors control the mesoaccumbens dopamine (DA) pathway. This control is thought to be conditional and might involve regionally distinct subpopulations of 5-HT(3) receptors. Here, using in vivo microdialysis in rats, we assessed the relative contribution of nucleus accumbens (Nacc) 5-HT(3) receptors to the overall influence(More)
In this study, we use in vivo microdialysis to investigate the influence of endogenous serotonin (5-HT) on striatal dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxyidoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) efflux in both basal and activated conditions. The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors citalopram and fluoxetine were used to mobilize endogenous 5-HT. In halothane-anaesthetized rats,(More)