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The K-Cl cotransporter KCC2 plays an essential role in neuronal chloride homeostasis, and thereby influences the efficacy and polarity of GABA signaling. Although KCC2 is expressed throughout the somatodendritic membrane, it is remarkably enriched in dendritic spines, which host most glutamatergic synapses in cortical neurons. KCC2 has been shown to(More)
Heterozygous mutations in the CLCN2 gene encoding the voltage-gated chloride channel CLC2 have been identified in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE). Yet the involvement of CLCN2 in epilepsy remains controversial. To investigate the involvement of CLCN2 in another independent sample, we screened 52 unrelated patients from IGE families and(More)
Dentate gyrus granule cells have been suggested to corelease GABA and glutamate both in juvenile animals and under pathological conditions in adults. Although mossy fiber terminals (MFTs) are known to express glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) in early postnatal development, the functional role of GABA synthesis in MFTs remains controversial, and direct(More)
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