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Motivated by a model for the perception of textures by the visual cortex in primates, we analyze the bifurcation of periodic patterns for nonlinear equations describing the state of a system defined on the space of structure tensors, when these equations are further invariant with respect to the isometries of this space. We show that the problem reduces to… (More)

The existence of spatially localized solutions in neural networks is an important topic in neuroscience as these solutions are considered to characterize working (short-term) memory. We work with an unbounded neural network represented by the neural field equation with smooth firing rate function and a wizard hat spatial connectivity. Noting that stationary… (More)

We study the neural field equations introduced by Chossat and Faugeras to model the representation and the processing of image edges and textures in the hypercolumns of the cortical area V1. The key entity, the structure tensor, intrinsically lives in a non-Euclidean, in effect hyperbolic, space. Its spatio-temporal behaviour is governed by nonlinear… (More)

- Grégory Faye, Arnd Scheel
- 2013

We establish Fredholm properties for a class of nonlocal differential operators. Using mild convergence and localization conditions on the nonlocal terms, we also show how to compute Fredholm indices via a generalized spectral flow, using crossing numbers of generalized spatial eigenvalues. We illustrate possible applications of the results in a nonlinear… (More)

We study localised activity patterns in neural field equations posed on the Euclidean plane; such models are commonly used to describe the coarse-grained activity of large ensembles of cortical neurons in a spatially continuous way. We employ matrix-free Newton-Krylov solvers and perform numerical continuation of localised patterns directly on the integral… (More)

This paper completes the classification of bifurcation diagrams for H-planforms in the Poincaré disc D whose fundamental domain is a regular octagon. An H-planform is a steady solution of a PDE or integro-differential equation in D, which is invariant under the action of a lattice subgroup Γ of U (1, 1), the group of isometries of D. In our case Γ generates… (More)

We study the effects of additive noise on traveling pulse solutions in spatially extended neural fields with linear adaptation. Neural fields are evolution equations with an integral term characterizing synaptic interactions between neurons at different spatial locations of the network. We introduce an auxiliary variable to model the effects of local… (More)

We identify a new mechanism for propagation into unstable states in spatially extended systems, that is based on resonant interaction in the leading edge of invasion fronts. Such resonant invasion speeds can be determined solely based on the complex linear dispersion relation at the unstable equilibrium, but rely on the presence of a nonlinear term that… (More)

We investigate pinning regions and unpinning asymptotics in nonlocal equations. We show that phenomena are related to but different from pinning in discrete and inhomogeneous media. We establish unpinning asymptotics using geometric singular perturbation theory in several examples. We also present numerical evidence for the dependence of unpinning… (More)