Grégory Doucende

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BACKGROUND The dynamics of systolic and diastolic strains and torsional mechanics of the left ventricle (LV) and their relation to diastolic filling never have been evaluated at various exercise intensities. METHODS AND RESULTS Speckle tracking echocardiography was performed in 20 healthy sedentary subjects at rest and during a progressive submaximal(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous studies have reported evidence of cardiac injury associated with transient left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic dysfunction after prolonged and strenuous exercise. We used 2D ultrasound speckle tracking imaging to evaluate the effect of an ultralong-duration exercise on LV regional strains and torsion. We speculated that systolic(More)
The contraction of cardiomyocytes induces a systolic increase in left ventricular (LV) normal (radial, circumferential and longitudinal) and shear strains, whose functional consequences have not been evaluated, so far, in athletes. We used 2D ultrasound speckle tracking imaging (STI) to evaluate LV regional strain in high-level cyclists compared to(More)
Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is an echocardiographic technique used during exercising to improve the accuracy of a cardiovascular diagnostic. The validity of TDI requires its reproducibility, which has never been challenged during moderate to maximal intensity exercising. The present study was specifically designed to assess the transmitral Doppler and(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal left ventricular (LV) deformational mechanics have been demonstrated in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) at rest, but there is a lack of information on their adaptation to exercise. The aim of this study was to assess the adaptability of LV strains and torsional mechanics during exercise in HCM patients. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to test the effect of endurance training on the age-related changes of left ventricular (LV) twist-untwist mechanics. Aging has been shown to induce a decline of diastolic function and more recently an impairment of twist-untwist mechanics, which constitutes an important factor for early diastolic suction and filling. On(More)
With an aging population and the increasing prevalence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, developing strategies to prevent diastolic dysfunction is crucial. Regular endurance training has been suggested to be one such strategy. However, the underlying mechanisms of training, including the effect on left ventricular (LV) untwist, which(More)
With this study we tested the hypothesis that 6 wk of endurance training increases maximal cardiac output (Qmax) relatively more by elevating blood volume (BV) than by inducing structural and functional changes within the heart. Nine healthy but untrained volunteers (Vo2max 47 ± 5 ml·min(-1)·kg(-1)) underwent supervised training (60 min; 4 times weekly at(More)
BACKGROUND In adults, left ventricular (LV) systolic twist is an important factor that determines LV filling, both at rest and during exercise. In children, lower LV twist has been demonstrated at rest, but its adaptation during exercise and its functional consequences on LV filling are unknown. METHODS Using speckle-tracking echocardiography, LV(More)
Prolonged strenuous exercise (PSE) induces transient left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Previous studies suggest that β-adrenergic pathway desensitization could be involved in this phenomenon, but it remains to be confirmed. Moreover, other underlying mechanisms involving oxidative stress have been recently proposed. The present study aimed to evaluate the(More)