Grégory Bouchaud

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The cytokine interleukin (IL)-7 exerts essential roles in lymph node (LN) organogenesis and lymphocyte development and homeostasis. Recent studies have identified lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) as a major source of IL-7 in LNs. Here, we report that LECs not only produce IL-7, but also express the IL-7 receptor chains IL-7Rα and CD132. Stimulation with(More)
Interleukin (IL)-15 is a proinflammatory cytokine, as it induces the production of inflammatory cytokines [IL-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), IL-17, etc.]. A correlation between high intratumoral IL-15 concentrations and poor clinical outcome in lung and head and neck cancer patients has been recently reported. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Interleukin (IL)-15 has an important role in tumor immunosurveillance and has a contemplated use in tumor immunotherapy. We have previously engineered the fusion protein RLI, composed of the NH(2)-terminal (amino acids 1-77, sushi+) domain of IL-15 receptor alpha coupled via a linker to IL-15, and shown that it displayed far better efficacy than IL-15 in(More)
We previously showed that a natural soluble form of interleukin-15 (IL-15) Ralpha corresponding to the full-length ectodomain of IL-15Ralpha behaved as a potent antagonist of IL-15 action through IL-15Ralpha/beta/gamma, whereas a recombinant soluble IL-15Ralpha sushi domain did not, but instead acted as an agonist of IL-15 action through IL-15Rbeta/gamma.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Infliximab is a monoclonal antibody against tumor necrosis factor that is used to treat patients with inflammatory bowel disease. We investigated serum levels and cellular expression of interleukin (IL)-15 and its receptor (sIL-15Ralpha) in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) treated with infliximab; and the effect on sIL-15Ralpha secretion(More)
RATIONALE Natural killer (NK) cells are innate lymphocytes that target virus-infected and tumor cells. Much less is known about their ability to limit adaptive immune responses. OBJECTIVES Thus, we investigated to what extent NK cells can influence mouse lung allograft rejection. METHODS For this purpose, we employed an orthotopic lung transplantation(More)
The use of interleukin-2 (IL-2) for the stimulation of an effector immune response against metastatic cancer dates back to the early 1980s. Administration of unmodified IL-2, either alone or together with antigen-specific approaches, has resulted in remarkably long-term survival of some patients suffering from metastatic melanoma. However, such treatment is(More)
BACKGROUND Atopic march refers to the typical transition from a food allergy in early childhood to allergic asthma in older children and adults. However the precise interplay of events involving gut, skin and pulmonary inflammation in this process is not completely understood. OBJECTIVES To develop a mouse model of mixed food and respiratory allergy(More)
Stromal cells at epithelial surfaces contribute to innate immunity by sensing environmental danger signals and producing proinflammatory cytokines. However, the role of stromal cells in controlling local inflammation is unknown. We show that endogenous soluble IL-15 receptor α (IL-15Rα) derived from epidermal stroma, notably keratinocytes, protects against(More)
Interleukin (IL)-15 is a cytokine critical for the homeostasis and the function of NK cells, NK-T cells, and memory CD8+ T cells. IL-15 signals are delivered through the IL-15Rβ and the common γ (γ(c)) receptor chains. The third receptor chain, IL-15Rα, confers specificity and high affinity for the cytokine. While IL-15 can activate with high affinity the(More)