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The mechanisms involved in the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) are integrated in concert with master developmental and oncogenic pathways regulating in tumor growth, angiogenesis, metastasis, as well as the reprogrammation of specific gene repertoires ascribed to both epithelial and mesenchymal cells. Consequently, it is not unexpected that EMT(More)
PURPOSE Patient-derived xenograft models are considered to represent the heterogeneity of human cancers and advanced preclinical models. Our consortium joins efforts to extensively develop and characterize a new collection of patient-derived colorectal cancer (CRC) models. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN From the 85 unsupervised surgical colorectal samples(More)
The simultaneous activation of many distinct G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and heterotrimeric G proteins play a major role in various pathological conditions. Pan-inhibition of GPCR signaling by small molecules thus represents a novel strategy to treat various diseases. To better understand such therapeutic approach, we have characterized the(More)
PURPOSE The aim of these studies was to characterize the action of STX140 in a P-glycoprotein-overexpressing tumor cell line both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, its efficacy was determined against xenografts derived from patients who failed docetaxel therapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The effects of STX140, Taxol, and 2-methoxyestradiol (2-MeOE2) on cell(More)
Tubulin is a validated target for antitumor drugs. However, the effectiveness of these microtubule-interacting agents is limited by the fact that they are substrates for drug efflux pumps (P-glycoprotein) and/or by the acquisition of point mutations in tubulin residues important for drug-tubulin binding. To bypass these resistance systems, we have(More)
Malignant melanoma is an aggressive form of skin cancer with poor prognosis. Despite improvements in awareness and prevention of this disease, its incidence is rapidly increasing. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small RNA molecules that regulate cellular processes by repressing messenger RNAs (mRNAs) with partially complementary target sites. Several(More)
Tumor-angiogenesis is the multi-factorial process of sprouting of endothelial cells (EC) into micro-vessels to provide tumor cells with nutrients and oxygen. To explore miRNAs as therapeutic angiogenesis-inhibitors, we performed a functional screen to identify miRNAs that are able to decrease EC viability. We identified miRNA-7 (miR-7) as a potent negative(More)
Metastasis and drug resistance are major problems in cancer chemotherapy. The purpose of this work was to analyze the molecular mechanisms underlying the invasive potential of drug-resistant colon carcinoma cells. Cellular models included the parental HT-29 cell line and its drug-resistant derivatives selected after chronic treatment with either(More)
CDC25 dual-specificity phosphatases are essential regulators that dephosphorylate and activate cyclin-dependent kinase/cyclin complexes at key transitions of the cell cycle. CDC25 activity is currently considered to be an interesting target for the development of new antiproliferative agents. Here we report the identification of a new CDC25 inhibitor and(More)
Homocamptothecin (hCPT), a camptothecin (CPT) analogue with a seven membered beta-hydroxylactone which combines enhanced plasma stability and potent topoisomerase I (Topo I)-mediated activity, is an attractive template for the elaboration of new anticancer agents. Like CPT, hCPT carries an asymmetric tertiary alcohol and displays stereoselective inhibition(More)