Grégoire Basse

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection can evolve to chronic hepatitis in immunocompromised patients. Pegylated α-interferon can effectively treat chronic HEV infection after liver transplantation but is contraindicated for kidney transplantation. We assessed the antiviral effect of ribavirin monotherapy in patients with chronic HEV infection(More)
BACKGROUND Type II or III cryoglobulins are fairly prevalent in renal-transplant (RT) patients, and are often related to chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, they rarely result in graft dysfunction. They are sustained by proliferation of oligoclonal B-cells. Systemic B-cell depletion and clinical remission of the systemic effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Tenofovir therapy has been found to be efficient in treating hepatitis B virus (HBV) in nontransplant patients. However, in the setting of solid-organ transplantation, the efficacy of tenofovir has not been tested. The aim of this pilot study was to assess the clinical and biologic response and tolerance to tenofovir therapy in HBV-positive organ(More)
Systemic B-cell depletion and clinical remission of the systemic effects of cryoglobulins have been achieved in hepatitis C virus-positive immunocompetent patients with rituximab, a human/mouse chimeric monoclonal antibody that specifically reacts with the CD20 antigen. Thus, this provides a rationale for the use of rituximab for type III(More)
BACKGROUND After renal transplantation, the prevalence of BK virus (BKV) viruria, viremia, and nephritis (BKVAN) has been estimated at 30%, 13%, and 8%, respectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS The aim of this prospective study was to assess the occurrence of BKV DNAemia during the first year after renal transplantation and to determine the prevalence of BKVAN,(More)
We evaluated the relevance of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) monitoring with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in 42 consecutive HCMV positive liver transplant patients, and we analyzed the factors that determined the treatment of the first episode of HCMV DNAemia. No patients received anti-HCMV prophylaxis. HCMV infection monitoring was(More)
OBJECTIVE Human cytomegalovirus can be reactivated after orthotopic liver transplantation in patients who are seropositive for cytomegalovirus. Whether those cytomegalovirus-seropositive patients require immediate posttransplant (anti)- cytomegalovirus prophylactic therapy or preemptive treatment as opposed to deferred treatment remains controversial. The(More)
Paecilomyces lilacinus is an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised patients. We report here a case of cutaneous hyphomycosis in a 63-year-old heart transplant recipient caused by the simultaneous presence of 2 molds: Paecilomyces lilacinus and Alternaria alternata. The infection was successfully treated with local voriconazole followed by oral terbinafine.
We report on three cases of severe disseminated Herpes simplex type-2 (HSV-2) infection that occurred in two orthotopic liver-transplant (OLT) and one renal-transplant patients. In two cases, i.e., in the OLT patients, this was associated with HSV-2-related acute hepatitis. The rapid onset of IV acyclovir (ACV) therapy led to recovery within 8-12 days.(More)