Gozewijn Dirk Laverman

Learn More
Vitamin K is essential for the activity of γ-carboxyglutamate (Gla)-proteins including matrix Gla28 protein and osteocalcin; an inhibitor of vascular calcification and a bone matrix protein, respectively. Insufficient vitamin K intake leads to the production of non-carboxylated, inactive proteins and this could contribute to the high risk of vascular(More)
OBJECTIVE LDL-receptor deficiency may provide a mechanism which contributes to atherogenic lipoprotein abnormalities in experimental nephrosis and in humans with glomerular proteinuria. The proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9) pathway plays a key role in lipoprotein metabolism by promoting LDL-receptor degradation. We tested whether plasma(More)
Vitamin K is essential for activation of γ-carboxyglutamate (Gla)-proteins including the vascular calcification inhibitor matrix Gla-protein (MGP). Insufficient vitamin K intake leads to production of uncarboxylated, mostly inactive proteins and contributes to an increased cardiovascular risk. In kidney transplant recipients, cardiovascular risk is high but(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blockade improves outcome in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD), but the residual risk during monotherapy RAAS blockade remains very high. This review discusses the place of dual RAAS blockade in improving these outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS The combination of(More)
Before the introduction of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors in the 1980s, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were the only class of drugs available for the reduction of symptomatic proteinuria. Long-term data from those days suggested sustained renoprotective properties in proteinuric chronic kidney disease (CKD), but this(More)
BACKGROUND The antiproteinuric effect of combining the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor lisinopril and the angiotensin II (Ang II) antagonist losartan was compared to that of the optimal antiproteinuric doses of monotherapy. METHODS To this purpose, lisinopril and losartan were studied in 9 nondiabetic renal patients with median proteinuria(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effects on proteinuria and blood pressure of addition of dietary sodium restriction or angiotensin receptor blockade at maximum dose, or their combination, in patients with non-diabetic nephropathy receiving background treatment with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition at maximum dose. DESIGN Multicentre crossover(More)
Blockade of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) offers superior renoprotection in the treatment of patients with hypertension, but the efficacy of RAAS inhibition strongly depends on sodium status, presumably in relation to extracellular volume status. Because assessing volume status by physical examination is challenging, 24-hour urine(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To evaluate the role of restricting dietary sodium intake in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its complications. RECENT FINDINGS A consistent line of evidence shows that high dietary sodium intake is a determinant of therapy resistance to blockade of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). Addition of sodium restriction to RAAS(More)
Data of numerous clinical trials show that lowering of blood pressure is prerequisite for reducing the rate of renal function loss in chronic renal disease. There is evidence supporting that blood pressure lowering obtained by intervention in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) has an additive renoprotective effect over reduction of blood(More)