Goya Enríquez

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Ultrasonography (US) is well suited to the study of pathologic conditions of the scrotum in children. US provides excellent anatomic detail; when color Doppler and power Doppler imaging are added, testicular perfusion can be assessed. Gray-scale, color Doppler, and power Doppler US were used to study a spectrum of scrotal disorders in 750 boys aged 1 day to(More)
Congenital intracranial tumours are uncommon and differ from those occurring in older children in clinical presentation, imaging characteristics and prognosis. These tumours are often detected incidentally on routine prenatal US and/or fetal MRI. Hence, the paediatric radiologist should be familiar with the features of those lesions that should be included(More)
BACKGROUND Fetal growth restraint has been associated with FSH hypersecretion in early infancy and in early post-menarche, and with reduced uterine and ovarian size in adolescence. It is unknown whether these reproductive anomalies persist, respectively, into late infancy and into the reproductive age range. METHODS We report follow-up findings in two age(More)
This pictorial review describes in detail the examination technique used to study the neonatal brain via the mastoid fontanelle and offers a panoramic view of the anatomical structures that can be identified in each US slice. The brain lesions are grouped as congenital malformations, haemorrhage, cerebellar lesions and sinus venous thrombosis. In each(More)
Acute bacterial thyroiditis or neck abscesses in children can be caused by infection through pyriform sinus fistulae which usually originate from the tip of the left pyriform sinus. They are thought to be remnants of either the third or fourth pharyngeal pouches. CT, ultrasound and gastrointestinal contrast studies are all useful in clarifying the(More)
OBJECTIVE Prenatally diagnosed complex ovarian cysts are most often managed surgically in an attempt to save the ovary. Nevertheless, published surgical results disclose that most patients undergo oophorectomy or salpingo-oophorectomy. We assessed whether a surgical or conservative approach was more appropriate by comparing the long-term outcome of infants(More)
Reduced fetal growth is known to be associated with a reduced ovarian fraction of primordial follicles, with ovarian hyperandrogenism and anovulation in late adolescence. In this study, we examined whether adolescent girls born small for gestational age also present an abnormality in uterine or ovarian size. Standardized ultrasound measurements of the(More)
BACKGROUND In 1998, we revealed a sequence departing from prenatal growth restraint in girls and evolving, through precocious pubarche (PP) in mid-childhood, towards anovulatory and hyperinsulinaemic hyperandrogenism. The latter condition fulfilled the criteria for the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which was then defined independently of(More)