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Angiotensin II (Ang II), the effector peptide of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), regulates volume and electrolyte homeostasis and is involved in cardiac and vascular cellular growth in humans and other species. This system, which has been conserved throughout evolution, plays an important role in cardiac and vascular pathology associated with(More)
We recently reported that angiotensin II (AII), acting through the STAT (Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription) pathway, stimulated a delayed SIF (sis-inducing factor)-like DNA binding activity (maximal at 2-3 h) (Bhat, G.J., Thekkumkara, T.J., Thomas, W.G., Conrad, K.M., and Baker, K.M. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 31443-31449). Using a cell(More)
We reported recently that angiotensin II (AII) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) transiently inhibit interleukin 6 (IL-6)-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (Stat3) and subsequent formation of sis-inducing factor-A (SIF-A). However, the AII-mediated inhibition was independent of PMA-sensitive(More)
To study human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) transmission between individuals and in populations, we developed a system for genetic fingerprinting of HHV-8 strains based on variation in the HHV-8 K1, glycoprotein B (gB), and glycoprotein H (gH) genes. Using this system, we sequenced nearly the entire K1 gene (840 bp); two segments of the gB gene (open reading frame(More)
The ability of aspirin to trigger apoptosis in cancer cells is well known and is consistent with the clinical and epidemiological evidence on its chemopreventive effects in curtailing epithelial cancers, including breast cancer. We hypothesized that the anticancer effects of aspirin may involve acetylation of the tumor suppressor protein p53, a known(More)
Recent studies on cytokine and growth factor stimulated signal transduction have defined a direct pathway (Stat91) linking cell surface receptors to target genes in the nucleus. The Stat91 pathway regulated c-fos gene transcription involves activation by tyrosine phosphorylation of the DNA binding factor SIF (sis-inducing factor) in the cytoplasm, its(More)
Epidemiological and clinical observations provide consistent evidence that regular intake of aspirin may effectively inhibit the occurrence of epithelial tumors; however, the molecular mechanisms are not completely understood. In the present study, we determined the ability of aspirin to acetylate and post-translationally modify cellular proteins in HCT-116(More)
In the current study, we determined the functional significance of sodium-dependent/-independent glucose transporters at the neurovasculature during oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD). Confluent brain endothelial cells cocultured with astrocytes were exposed to varying degrees of in vitro stroke conditions. Glucose transporter (GLUT) 1 and sodium glucose(More)
Salicylates from plant sources have been used for centuries by different cultures to treat a variety of ailments such as inflammation, fever and pain. A chemical derivative of salicylic acid, aspirin, was synthesised and mass produced by the end of the 19th century and is one of the most widely used drugs in the world. Its cardioprotective properties are(More)
The aim of the study is to identify specific protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms involvement in K+ transport mediated at altered blood–brain barrier (BBB) response to stroke conditions with prior nicotine exposure, which provides ways to intervene pharmacologically in PKC-mediated molecular pathways that could lead to effective treatment for smoking stroke(More)