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Highly stable nanoparticles of metallic silver with average dimension of 26.6 nm were synthesized by a simple, cost-effective, reproducible and previously unexploited biogenic source viz. dried green fruits of Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) (common name putranjiva). The as-synthesized silver nanoparticles (Ag NP) were characterized by their characteristic(More)
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) that are synthesized by using aqueous extracts of Solanum nigrum L., is a simple, non-toxic and ecofriendly green material. The present study is based on assessments of the larvicidal and antimicrobial activities of the synthesized AgNPs from fresh leaves, dry leaves and green berries of S. nigrum against larvae of Culex(More)
The present study was carried out to establish the larvicidal activities of crude and solvent extracts of Solanum nigrum L. leaves against Culex quinquefasciatus Say as target species. The results indicated that the mortality rates at 0.5% concentration were highest amongst all concentrations of the crude extracts tested against all the larval instars at(More)
Crude mature leaves extract of Day Jasmine, Cestrum diurnum (Solanaceae: Solanales), was investigated for larvicidal activities against Culex quinquefasciatus, the vector of human filariasis. All the graded concentrations (0.1%, 0.2%, 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2%, 2.5%, and 3% v/v) showed significant (P < 0.05) larval mortality, and results of regression equations(More)
Cestrum diurnum L. (Solanaceae: Solanales) is a multistemmed shrub that is also known as 'Day Jasmine'. The efficacy of the plant as a strong biocontrol agent of the larval anopheline mosquito was evaluated in the laboratory and bioactive ingredients were characterized by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and infrared (IR) analysis. Thin layer chromatographic(More)
The annual transmission potential of Wuchereria bancrofti was calculated from the number of infective larvae found in the number of Culex quinquefasciatus expected to bite an individual exposed 24 hr a day for a year in Calcutta and in a rural (Memari) area. In Calcutta, an average of 151 mosquitoes/night/person were collected; it was calculated that 55,028(More)
Acyl-protein thioesterase-1 (APT1) and APT2 are cytosolic enzymes that catalyze depalmitoylation of membrane-anchored, palmitoylated H-Ras and growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43), respectively. However, the mechanism(s) of cytosol-membrane shuttling of APT1 and APT2, required for depalmitoylating their substrates H-Ras and GAP-43, respectively, remained(More)
An estimation of the predatory efficiency of the nymphs of five coexisting odonate species Aeshna flavifrons, Coenagrion kashmirum, Ischnura forcipata, Rhinocypha ignipennis and Sympetrum durum using the fourth-instar larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus as prey, was made under laboratory and semi-field conditions. The daily feeding rate varied among the(More)
The present study was carried out to establish the larvicidal properties of crude extracts of three plants, viz. Carica papaya, Murraya paniculata and Cleistanthus collinus against Culex quinquefasciatus as target species. The relative efficacy of the plant extracts in vector control was as follows: C. papaya seed extract > M. paniculata fruit extract > M.(More)
Mosquitoes act as a vector for most of the life threatening diseases like malaria, yellow fever, dengue fever, chikungunya ferver, filariasis, encephalitis, West Nile Virus infection, etc. Under the Integrated Mosquito Management (IMM), emphasis was given on the application of alternative strategies in mosquito control. The continuous application of(More)