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Androgens have dramatic effects on neuronal structure and function in hippocampus. However, androgen depletion does not always lead to hippocampal impairment. To address this apparent paradox, we evaluated the hippocampus of adult male rats after gonadectomy (Gdx) or sham surgery. Surprisingly, Gdx rats showed increased synaptic transmission and long-term(More)
N-Acetylaspartate (NAA) is an abundant amino acid derivative of the central nervous system that is localized primarily in neurons and has found widespread use in clinical NMR spectroscopy (MRS) as a non-invasive indicator of neuronal survival and/or viability. Its function, although still obscure, is thought to reflect its unusual metabolic(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic inflammation is a key player in pathogenesis. The inflammatory cytokine, tumor necrosis factor-alpha is a well known inflammatory protein, and has been a therapeutic target for the treatment of diseases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis and Crohn's Disease. Obesity is a well known risk factor for developing non-insulin dependent diabetes(More)
In cancer management, the cyclooxygenase (COX)-targeted approach has shown great promise in anticancer therapeutics. However, the use of COX-2 inhibitors has side effects and health hazards; thus, targeting its major metabolite prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2))-mediated signaling pathway might be a rational approach for the next generation of cancer management.(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a chemokine like phosphorylated glycoprotein that plays important role in cancer progression. Extensive research from various laboratories has demonstrated the likely role of OPN in regulating the cell signaling that ultimately controls tumor growth and metastasis. Several earlier reports indicated that OPN is associated with various(More)
Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) are wireless networks that do not require any fixed infrastructure. Regarding traffic safety applications for VANETs, warning messages have to be quickly and smartly disseminated in order to reduce the required dissemination time and to increase the number of vehicles receiving the traffic warning information. Adaptive(More)