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Genomic instability promotes tumorigenesis and can occur through various mechanisms, including defective segregation of chromosomes or inactivation of DNA mismatch repair. Although B-cell lymphomas are associated with chromosomal translocations that deregulate oncogene expression, a mechanism for genome-wide instability during lymphomagenesis has not been(More)
We analyzed a cohort of 61 follicular lymphomas (FL) with an abnormal G-banded karyotype by spectral karyotyping (SKY) to better define the chromosome instability associated with the t(14;18)(q32;q21) positive and negative subsets of FL and histologic grade. In more than 70% of the patients, SKY provided additional cytogenetic information and up to 40% of(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is considered to be a pleuripotential stem cell disorder with the capacity to differentiate into myeloid, erythroid, megakaryocytic, and lymphoid cell lines. Consequently, blast crisis (BC) involving each of the above lineages has been well described. Among lymphoblastic crises, differentiation frequently occurs along B-cell(More)
Philadelphia (ph) chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukemia developed in a patient treated for chronic lymphocytic leukemia after treatment with total body irradiation. The role of radiation in the development of CML is discussed.
Fifteen patients with lymphoid blast crisis of chronic myelogenous leukemia (LyBC-CML) and five patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia converting to Philadelphia-positive (Ph+) chronic myeloid leukemia (ALL Ph + CML) were followed. Seven of 15 (46.7%) LyBC-CML patients developed meningeal leukemia within a median period of 6 months (range 2-11 months),(More)
Recent evidence has implied that disruption of a limited number of defined cellular pathways is necessary and sufficient for neoplastic conversion of a variety of normal human cell types in tissue culture. We show instead that malignancy in such models results from an iterative process of clonal selection in vitro and/or in vivo. Normal human fibroblasts(More)
Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs) are a group of clinically important neoplasms with a complex biology that makes their classification and treatment difficult. Their incidence is increasing and they cause significant morbidity and mortality. NHLs result from transformation of B and T/natural killer (NK) cells. Their genetic hallmark is chromosomal(More)
Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein enzyme that functions to maintain telomeres, the terminal DNA that protects chromosomal integrity, regulating cellular replicative life span. Telomerase is not expressed in most normal human somatic cells but is active in stabilizing telomeres of certain self-renewing cell populations and most malignant cells, making the(More)
Fifty-three patients with Ph positive chronic myeloid leukaemia in blastic phase were studied. Additional abnormalities were found in 29 (55%) patients and were more common in myeloid (64%) than lymphoid (45%) blast crisis. The most frequent were +Ph (32%), +8 (28%), +19 (19%), +20 (9%) and +21 (9%). i(17q) (9%) was associated with thrombocytopenia (5/5)(More)
To identify, in high-resolution regions of DNA, the copy number changes associated with outcome in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), a disease with an approximately 50% mortality rate, we performed array comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) on specimens from 64 patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL treated with anthracycline-based(More)