Gottfried Ulbricht

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In the Middle- and East-European countries the political, economic and social situation changed fundamentally in 1989 and 1990. These alterations are reflected in markers of dietary intake, physical activity and health with a trend similar in Czechia, East Germany, Lithuania and Poland. Thus, the previous increase in energy consumption stopped and was(More)
The body mass index (BMI) is widely used as an indicator of nutritional status of individuals and groups, changes in this measure reflecting changes in living conditions. The purpose of this paper is to present long-term BMI trends of schoolchildren from Jena/Eastern Germany over 125 years. The analysis is based on 10 anthropological investigations carried(More)
The different items of the per caput consumption (cf. Part I) are evaluated from the viewpoint of nutritional physiology, and the average energy and nutrient supply of the total population is calculated and compared with the recommended dietary allowances. The nutritional status of the population is globally assessed. A reduction in calorie and fat(More)
Existing data of nutrition surveys made in individual households of the former GDR were processed and interpreted in order to characterize nutrition of individual population groups. The results revealed some remarkable differences in food consumption as well as energy and nutrient intake: in households of members of agricultural production cooperatives(More)
In 1977 the official recommendations of the GDR for the daily intakes of essential nutrients were revised and extended. The criteria used to establish the revision and the extension in regard to the recommended vitamin intakes are given. For assessing the adequacy of food supplies and intakes vitamin intake data from national food consumption surveys and(More)
In spring 1992 in Jordan 70 flocks of sheep and goats were investigated coproscopically. 838 of altogether 882 small ruminants (= 95.01%) harboured endoparasites. In three different parts of the country--in the vicinities of Ma'an, Kerak and Amman--the results were similar (Dictyocaulus, Nematodirus, Moniezia) or they differed (protostrongylids,(More)
The last representative nutritional surveys in households of the former GDR date back to 1989. Trends towards excessive energy intake have continued, resulting, above all, from high fat consumption. A considerable proportion of employed persons have their meals outside the home. The proportion of food used as animal feed was high in households of members of(More)