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In the Middle- and East-European countries the political, economic and social situation changed fundamentally in 1989 and 1990. These alterations are reflected in markers of dietary intake, physical activity and health with a trend similar in Czechia, East Germany, Lithuania and Poland. Thus, the previous increase in energy consumption stopped and was… (More)
The body mass index (BMI) is widely used as an indicator of nutritional status of individuals and groups, changes in this measure reflecting changes in living conditions. The purpose of this paper is to present long-term BMI trends of schoolchildren from Jena/Eastern Germany over 125 years. The analysis is based on 10 anthropological investigations carried… (More)
Cystic neoplasms of the pancreas are rare. These tumors are differentiated into benign and potentially malignant types or in serous (microcystic), solid-cystic (papillary-cystic) and mucinouscystic neoplasms. A report is given about a 76 years old women with a serous (microcystic) cystadenoma. The cystadenoma was a chance hit of a necropsy.
The different items of the per caput consumption (cf. Part I) are evaluated from the viewpoint of nutritional physiology, and the average energy and nutrient supply of the total population is calculated and compared with the recommended dietary allowances. The nutritional status of the population is globally assessed. A reduction in calorie and fat… (More)
A nutritional model study was carried out in Potsdam from December 1990 until December 1991 involving 222 persons at the beginning. Changes of the energy and nutrient intake were evaluated. The trends established in 1991-demonstrated by means of two specific trend parameters-have been discussed with regard to the results of the nutritional situation in the… (More)
Existing data of nutrition surveys made in individual households of the former GDR were processed and interpreted in order to characterize nutrition of individual population groups. The results revealed some remarkable differences in food consumption as well as energy and nutrient intake: in households of members of agricultural production cooperatives… (More)
In 1977 the official recommendations of the GDR for the daily intakes of essential nutrients were revised and extended. The criteria used to establish the revision and the extension in regard to the recommended vitamin intakes are given. For assessing the adequacy of food supplies and intakes vitamin intake data from national food consumption surveys and… (More)