Gosse de Jong

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In the present study the effects of long-term treatment with the 1,4-dihydropyridine calcium antagonist nimodipine on ultrastructural alterations of the microvascular morphology were examined in the frontoparietal cortex, entorhinal cortex and CA1 of the hippocampus in the aged rat. Qualitative observations of cerebral microvasculature of aged (30 months)(More)
The brain, as an intensely active organ, is highly dependent on a sufficient nutrient and oxygen availability in order to reach its optimal working capacity. It is well known that the vital supply of energy substrates is provided by the circulatory system, which splits up into a fine, terminal capillary network in target tissues. These capillaries are(More)
BACKGROUND Infections are a common and serious threat to patients with acute ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of infection on mortality and functional outcome at discharge and at 1 year. METHODS From a consecutive cohort study in 11 centers, the Netherlands Stroke Survey, we selected 521 patients with ischemic stroke(More)
Although cognitive impairment during aging is usually associated with neuronal alterations, the cerebrovascular system undergoes prominent alterations in aging as well. Using electron microscopy we previously showed a progressive deterioration of the capillary wall in the cerebral cortex of aged rats. In aged rats the capillary basement membrane (BM) is(More)
At the ultrastructural level two main categories of microvascular anomalies can be distinguished in the aged rat brain. These categories comprise [1] membranous inclusions within the basement membrane and [2] microvascular deposits, which include microvascular fibrosis and thickening of the basement membrane (BMT). In this study we examined the percentage(More)
The aim of this article was to study mortality following a first-ever cerebral infarct, accounting for ischemic stroke subtypes (lacunar, cardioembolic, atherothrombotic) and relevant prognostic variables. This study was done from s a hospital-based prospective registry of all patients with a first cerebral infarct, with a high case ascertainment of first(More)
The present report describes the cellular and subcellular distribution pattern of immunoreactivity to M35, a monoclonal antibody raised against purified muscarinic acetylcholine receptor protein, in astrocytes in the cerebral cortex of young and aged rats. Most M35-positive astrocytes were localized in the superficial layers of the cortex and part of the(More)
Using immunocytochemistry hippocampal levels of the calcium binding proteins calbindin 28K (CB) and parvalbumin (PV) was studied in young (1 month) to very old (60 month) Albino rabbits. Young (3 month) and senescent (30 month) Wistar rats were also examined to compare the distribution and age dependency of PV and CB in both species. The distribution of(More)
Using both precordial and transesophageal echocardiography, we studied 72 consecutive patients with a recent unequivocal transient ischemic attack or nondisabling stroke to determine the relative value of the two techniques for detecting potential intracardiac sources of cerebral emboli. Group 1 (n = 53) patients had no clinical cardiac abnormality, and(More)
Chronic hypertension during aging is a serious threat to the cerebral vasculature. The larger brain arteries can react to hypertension with an abnormal wall thickening, a loss of elasticity and a narrowed lumen. However, little is known about the hypertension-induced alterations of cerebral capillaries. The present study describes ultrastructural(More)