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Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha has been shown to exert cytotoxic or cytostatic effects on tumor cells, but susceptibility to TNF-alpha varies among different types of cells. TNF-alpha activates a transcription factor, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), which induces a wide variety of genes and causes pleiotrophic responses. In this study, the(More)
To know the role of HSP70 in chondrocytes, HSP70 expressions under heat stress or in a non-stress condition were examined by using electrophoresis, immunohistochemistry, and in situ hybridization. As a result, HSP70 was observed in proliferating chondrocytes in the micro-mass cultures without heat stress. In this culture, chondrocytes maintained the(More)
OBJECT Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2) is an intractable disorder predisposing to multiple, recurrent tumors of the central nervous system (CNS). To clarify the survival rate and characteristics that predict poor survival, we retrospectively reviewed clinical data in cases of NF2. METHODS From among 283 patients with neurofibromatosis who had been(More)
We retrospectively reviewed characteristics of patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 to identify factors predicting further growth of bilateral vestibular schwannomas. Subjects comprised 27 neurofibromatosis type 2 patients with 54 vestibular schwannomas, followed for 24–204 months (mean, 86 months). This study investigated factors predictive of vestibular(More)
Euthyroid sick syndrome, characterized by low serum 3,5, 3'-triiodothyronine (T(3)) with normal L-thyroxine levels, is associated with a wide variety of disorders including sepsis, malignancy, and AIDS. The degree of low T(3) in circulation has been shown to correlate with the severity of the underlying disorders and with the prognosis. Elevated TNF-alpha(More)
As the clinical application of LVADs has increased, attempts have been made to develop smaller, less expensive, more durable and efficient implantable devices using rotary blood pumps. Since chronic circulatory support with implantable continuous-flow LVADs will be established in the near future, we need to determine the flow characteristics through an(More)
Giant serpentine aneurysms (GSAs) are defined as partially thrombosed giant aneurysms with persistent serpentine vascular channels. Surgical management of these rare lesions is difficult because of their large size, complex structure, and unique hemodynamics. The authors report two cases of patients harboring GSAs with mass effect, which were managed(More)
Ceramics seldom have been used as blood-contacting materials. However, alumina ceramic (Al2O3) and polyethylene are incorporated into the pivot bearings of the Gyro centrifugal blood pump. This material combination was chosen based on the high durability of the materials. Due to the stagnant flow that often occurs in a continuous flow condition inside a(More)
SUMMARY Embolization prior to radiosurgery is useful to reduce the AVM nidus for adequate planning for radiosurgery. In 37 cases we encountered, patients with the least radiosurgical effects had diffuse type nidus, where the feeders embolized with absorbable embolic materials had the possibility of recanalization. The main purpose of embolization is to(More)
The Gyro C1E3 pump has been developed as a completely sealless centrifugal pump driven by a magnetic coupling system for long-term usage. The Gyro C1E3 pump is a pivot bearing-supported pump in which the impeller is supported with the top and bottom pivot bearings. In the Gyro C1E3 pump, the impeller spinning is affected by the force balance between the(More)