Gorka San José

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This study was designed to test the hypothesis that stimulation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide/nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADH/NADPH) oxidase is involved in increased vascular superoxide anion (*O(2)(-)) production in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The study was performed in 16-week-old and 30-week-old normotensive(More)
The p22(phox) subunit is an essential protein in the activation of NAD(P)H oxidase. Here we report the preliminary characterisation of the human p22(phox) gene promoter. The p22(phox) promoter contains TATA and CCAC boxes and Sp1, gamma-interferon and nuclear factor kappaB sites. We screened for mutations in the p22(phox) promoter and identified a new(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxidative stress is implicated in hypertension and the NADPH oxidase systems constitute the main source of superoxide in vascular wall. We searched for new polymorphisms within the CYBA promoter, the human gene that encodes the p22phox protein, and studied their potential association with essential hypertension. DESIGN A case-control study in a(More)
In a previous study, we found that the p22(phox) subunit of the NADH/NADPH oxidase is overexpressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) with enhanced vascular production of superoxide anion ((.)O(2)(-)). Thus, we have investigated whether changes in the sequence or activity of the promoter region of p22(phox)(More)
OBJECTIVE Reactive oxygen species-generating nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-oxidase proteins (Noxs) are involved in cell differentiation, migration, and apoptosis. Nox4 is unique among Noxs in being constitutively active, and its subcellular localization may therefore be particularly important. In this study, we identified and(More)
miRNAs (microRNAs) have been shown to play a role in myocardial fibrosis. The present study was designed to analyse whether alterations in miRNA expression contribute to the progression of myocardial fibrosis in AS (aortic valve stenosis) patients through up-regulation of the pro-fibrotic factor TGF-β1 (transforming growth factor-β type 1). Endomyocardial(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxidative stress is implicated in hypertension. The reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidases are the main source of superoxide in phagocytic and vascular cells. The C242T polymorphism of CYBA, the human gene that encodes p22phox, has been found to be functionally associated with vascular NADPH oxidase activity in(More)
Oxidative stress induced by superoxide is implicated in hypertension. NADPH oxidase is the main source of superoxide in phagocytic and vascular cells, and the p22phox subunit is involved in NADPH oxidase activation. Recently we reported an association of -930A/G polymorphism in the human p22phox gene promoter with hypertension. This study was designed to(More)
OBJECTIVE Data suggest that matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) has a role in atherosclerosis. The phagocytic NADPH oxidase has been also associated with atherosclerosis. This study aimed to investigate the association between phagocytic NADPH oxidase and MMP-9 in human atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS In vitro experiments performed in human monocytes(More)