Gordon Wichern

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The least-squares probabilistic classifier (LSPC) is a computationally-efficient alternative to kernel logistic regression. However, to assure its learned probabilities to be non-negative, LSPC involves a post-processing step of rounding up negative parameters to zero, which can unexpectedly influence classification performance. In order to mitigate this(More)
Estimating the ratio of two probability density functions (a.k.a. the importance) has recently gathered a great deal of attention since importance estimators can be used for solving various machine learning and data mining problems. In this paper, we propose a new importance estimation method using a mixture of probabilistic principal component analyzers.(More)
An environmentally adaptive system for prediction of acoustic transmission loss (TL) in the atmosphere is developed in this paper. This system uses several back propagation neural network predictors, each corresponding to a specific environmental condition. The outputs of the expert predictors are combined using a fuzzy confidence measure and a nonlinear(More)
Recent work in audio information retrieval has demonstrated the effectiveness of combining semantic information, such as descriptive, tags with acoustic content. However, these methods largely ignore the possibility of tag queries that do not yet exist in the database and the possibility of similar terms. In this work, we propose a network structure(More)
License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Organizing a database of user-contributed environmental sound recordings allows sound files to be linked not only by the semantic tags and labels applied to them, but also to other sounds with similar acoustic characteristics.(More)