Gordon W. Duff

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Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) is a potent immunomodulator and proinflammatory cytokine that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune and infectious diseases. For example, plasma levels of TNF alpha are positively correlated with severity and mortality in malaria and leishmaniasis. We have previously described a polymorphism at -308 in(More)
We have investigated the polymorphism in intron 2 of the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene and identified two new alleles of the system. We have shown that the polymorphism is caused by the variable copy number of an 86-bp sequence, by using the polymerase chain reaction and primers immediately flanking the repeat region, and by direct sequencing. The(More)
Although specific bacteria, dental plaque, and age are associated with periodontal disease, there are currently no reliable predictors of periodontitis severity. Studies in twins have suggested a genetic contribution to the pathogenesis of periodontitis, but previous attempts to identify genetic markers have been unsuccessful. The pro-inflammatory cytokines(More)
J. Claiborne Stephens, David E. Reich, David B. Goldstein, Hyoung Doo Shin, Michael W. Smith, Mary Carrington, Cheryl Winkler, Gavin A. Huttley, Rando Allikmets, Lynn Schriml, Bernard Gerrard, Michael Malasky, Maria D. Ramos, Susanne Morlot, Maria Tzetis, Carole Oddoux, Francesco S. di Giovine, Georgios Nasioulas, David Chandler, Michael Aseev, Matthew(More)
We questioned the significance of haplotype structure in gene regulation by testing whether individual single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within a gene promoter region [interleukin-1-beta (IL1B)] might affect promoter function and, if so, whether function was dependent on haplotype context. We sequenced genomic DNA from 25 individuals of diverse(More)
In situ hybridisation of mRNA in tissues or cell preparations is a powerful technique for studying gene expression. When combined with cell phenotyping with monoclonal antibodies it gives insights into the cellular basis of disease in vivo. The technique has also been used widely to identify foreign nucleic acids--for example, bacterial or viral, in host(More)
The CCR5-Delta32 deletion obliterates the CCR5 chemokine and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 coreceptor on lymphoid cells, leading to strong resistance against HIV-1 infection and AIDS. A genotype survey of 4,166 individuals revealed a cline of CCR5-Delta32 allele frequencies of 0%-14% across Eurasia, whereas the variant is absent among native(More)
The tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha gene lies within the class III region of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), telomeric to the class II and centromeric to the class I region. We have recently described the first polymorphism within the human TNF-alpha locus. This is biallelic and lies within the promoter region. Frequency analysis of the(More)
OBJECTIVE The genetic factors that predispose to the development of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and its complications are not completely understood. The cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of JRA and other inflammatory diseases. This study was performed to test whether polymorphisms of the IL-1 alpha gene might be(More)