Gordon Todderud

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A kinome-wide selectivity screen of >20000 compounds with a rich representation of many structural classes has been completed. Analysis of the selectivity patterns for each class shows that a broad spectrum of structural scaffolds can achieve specificity for many kinase families. Kinase selectivity and potency are inversely correlated, a trend that is also(More)
We have previously shown that multiple topical applications, over 11 days, of the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) induces a persistent inflammatory reaction characterized by edema, cell infiltration and epidermal hyperplasia. In order to characterize the cell infiltrate during the establishment of this inflammatory reaction,(More)
Differentiation with dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dBcAMP) of the human, premonocytic U937 cell line toward a monocyte/granulocyte-like cell results in the cell acquiring an ability to release arachidonate upon stimulation. In contrast, the calcium ionophore ionomycin was able to stimulate phospholipase C, as measured by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate formation, to(More)
Native sulfatides, as well as many sulfated glycolipids, have been shown to avidly bind to the selectin receptors. In vivo, native sulfatides significantly block activity in selectin-dependent inflammatory responses. The fact that nonsulfated galactocerebrosides did not inhibit selectin-mediated adhesion identified a critical role for the anionic sulfate(More)
Fragment-like inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2) include 5-hydroxyisoquinoline (IC50 approximately 85 microM). Modeling studies identified four possible binding modes for this compound. Two-dimensional (1)H-(1)H NOESY data obtained with selectively protonated samples of MK2 in complex with 5-hydroxyisoquinoline(More)
The anti-inflammatory effect of a small molecular weight antagonist of P- and E-selectin-dependent cell adhesion was examined. The glycolipid sulphatide was shown to block the adherence of thrombin-activated rat platelets to HL-60 cells. This interaction is known to be dependent on P-selectin. The rat dermal reverse passive Arthus reaction was used to(More)
The endothelial adhesion protein P-selectin binds to a ligand present on the surface of leukocytes. We have characterized the binding interaction between P-selectin and polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) in an in vitro assay. These studies have utilized a soluble chimeric protein termed receptor globulin (Rg), which consists of the lectin-EGF-CR-CR(More)
Selectin binding is the first step in extravasation of leukocytes through the endothelium. Infiltration of leukocytes is a hallmark of an inflammatory response. Blockade of selectin-dependent adhesion, therefore, represents a specific mechanism-based anti-inflammatory strategy. We have used the natural product sulfatide, one of the selectin ligands, as a(More)
The synthesis and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of p38alpha MAP kinase inhibitors based on heterobicyclic scaffolds are described. This effort led to the identification of compound (21) as a potent inhibitor of p38alpha MAP kinase with good cellular potency toward the inhibition of TNF-alpha production. X-ray co-crystallography of an oxalamide(More)
A series of potent inhibitors of P-selectin as potential anti-inflammatory agents is reported. These compounds are derivatives of galactocerebrosides bearing a malonate side chain in positions 2 and 3 of the galactose moiety. Based on the binding mode of sialyl Lewis X, the two acidic groups of the malonate are designed to form ionic interactions with two(More)