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BACKGROUND It is unknown whether inhaled corticosteroids can modify the subsequent development of asthma in preschool children at high risk for asthma. METHODS We randomly assigned 285 participants two or three years of age with a positive asthma predictive index to treatment with fluticasone propionate (at a dose of 88 mug twice daily) or masked placebo(More)
BACKGROUND Preliminary evidence is equivocal about the role of exhaled nitric oxide (NO) in clinical asthma management. We aimed to assess whether measurement of exhaled NO, as a biomarker of airway inflammation, could increase the effectiveness of asthma treatment, when used as an adjunct to clinical care based on asthma guidelines for inner-city(More)
RATIONALE Stress-elicited disruption of immunity begins in utero. OBJECTIVES Associations among prenatal maternal stress and cord blood mononuclear cell (CBMC) cytokine responses were prospectively examined in the Urban Environment and Childhood Asthma Study (n = 557 families). METHODS Prenatal maternal stress included financial hardship, difficult life(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence and morbidity of wheezing illnesses and childhood asthma is especially high in poor urban areas. This paper describes the study design, methods, and population of the Urban Environment and Childhood Asthma (URECA) study, which was established to investigate the immunologic causes of asthma among inner-city children. METHODS AND(More)
This study examined relationships between psychosocial factors and asthma rehospitalization patterns in 115 children (ages 4-15) who had > or = 1 hospitalization during the study period. Lifetime history of hospitalizations and new hospitalizations during a 1-year follow-up period were measured, controlling for baseline asthma symptoms and medications.(More)
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