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ABSTRACT Chemical dispersants were a valuable part of the response to the Ixtoc I blowout and spill. Use of these chemicals effectively prevented floating oil from entering near-shore environments,… (More)
Abstract The following article discusses the relevance of laboratory toxicity studies of a chemical oil dispersant, in general, and the foregoing paper. While Lonning and Hagstrom use a sensitive… (More)
ABSTRACT The growing worldwide recognition of the value of aircraft for application of dispersants to marine oil spills has resulted in a number of tests and field trials, but they have developed n...
Oil spill control chemicals are still a subject of considerable contention in many parts of the world. Because of the reactions raised by news of oil spills, their potential effects, and the methods… (More)
ABSTRACT Aerial application of dispersants has progressed to include very large airplanes, such as the Hercules C-130, for which a portable spray unit has been developed. This unit, which can be… (More)
A discussion covers the functions of oil spill control chemicals including collecting agents, shoreline protection agents, and the use of dispersants to break up oil spills on water and to clean… (More)
ABSTRACT Several oil spill dispersants available since 1975 have successfully dispersed spills of light to medium oils. However, they generally have performed poorly on heavily weathered oil, low g...