Gordon Ohning

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Cognitive factors such as fear of pain and symptom-related anxiety play an important role in chronic pain states. The current study sought to characterize abnormalities in preparatory brain response before aversive pelvic visceral distention in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients and their possible relationship to the consequences of distention. The(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is present in gastric nerves, and PACAP receptors (PAC1) are found on gastric enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells. Expression of PAC1 splice variants in purified ECL cells was determined by RT-PCR. PACAP effects on ECL cells were analyzed by video imaging of [Ca(2+)](i) and histamine release; its(More)
Chronic stress plays an important role in the development and exacerbation of symptoms in functional gastrointestinal disorders. To better understand the mechanisms underlying this relationship, we aimed to characterize changes in visceral and somatic nociception, colonic motility, anxiety-related behavior, and mucosal immune activation in rats exposed to(More)
In rodents, maternal pup interactions play an important role in programming the stress responsiveness of the adult organism. The aims of this study were 1) to determine the effect of different neonatal rearing conditions on acute and delayed stress-induced visceral sensitivity as well as on other measures of stress sensitivity of the adult animal; and 2) to(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The neurokinin 1 receptors (NK(1)Rs) and substance P (SP) have been implicated in the stress and/or pain pathways involved in chronic pain conditions. Here we examined the participation of NK(1)Rs in sustained visceral hyperalgesia observed in rats exposed to chronic psychological stress. METHODS Male Wistar rats were exposed to daily(More)
BACKGROUND Linaclotide is a novel, orally administered investigational drug currently in clinical development for the treatment of constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) and chronic idiopathic constipation. Visceral hyperalgesia is a major pathophysiological mechanism in IBS-C. Therefore, we investigated the anti-nociceptive properties of(More)
INTRODUCTION Motilin-receptor agonists are prokinetics; whether they relieve the symptoms of functional dyspepsia is unknown. We aimed to test the efficacy of the motilin agonist ABT-229 in functional dyspepsia patients with and without delayed gastric emptying. METHODS Patients were randomized with postprandial symptoms and documented functional(More)
Mechanisms involved in the cephalic phase of gastric acid secretion were studied in awake fasted rats with chronic gastric fistula and exposed to the sight and smell of chow for 30 min. Acid secretion was monitored using constant intragastric perfusion and automatic titration. Sham feeding induced a peak acid response reaching 82 +/- 7 micromol/10 min(More)
AIM To compare acid inhibiting activity and duration of action of different doses of rabeprazole, a substituted benzimidazole characterized as a highly potent and irreversible H+, K+-ATPase inhibitor, administered for 7 days to subjects infected with Helicobacter pylori. METHODS A total of 38 subjects (mean age 39.3 years) were enrolled in a(More)
Alterations of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)B receptor expression have been reported in human temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Here, changes in regional and cellular expression of the GABAB receptor subunits R1 (GBR1) and R2 (GBR2) were investigated in a mouse model that replicates major functional and histopathological features of TLE. Adult mice received a(More)