Gordon Michael Kirby

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Murine hepatic cytochrome P450 2A5 (CYP2A5) is uniquely induced by a variety of agents that cause liver injury and inflammation, conditions that are typically associated with downregulation of P450s. We hypothesized that induction of CYP2A5 occurs in response to hepatocellular damage resulting in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Treatment of mice in vivo(More)
Unlike most cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, murine hepatic CYP2A5 is induced during pathological conditions that result in liver injury including hepatotoxicity mediated by xenobiotics, hepatitis caused by various microbial agents and liver neoplasia. Since CYP2A5 metabolizes various important xenobiotics including nicotine and pro-carcinogens such as(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX), an anticancer drug, causes a dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. Some evidence suggests that female children have an increased risk for DOX-mediated cardiac damage. To determine whether the iron chelator dexrazoxane (DXR) could reduce DOX-induced cardiotoxicity in the young, we injected day 10 neonate female and male rat pups with a single(More)
Liver tissues were obtained from 20 liver cancer patients from Thailand, an area where the incidence of this tumour is high and where exposure to aflatoxin occurs. The expression of hepatic cytochrome P450s (P450) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) was examined and this expression was compared to the in vitro metabolism of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). There was a(More)
Studies were carried out to test the hypothesis that inflammatory liver disease increases the expression of specific cytochrome P-450 isoenzymes involved in aflatoxin B1 (AFB) activation. The immunohistochemical expression and localization of various human cytochrome P-450 isoforms, including CYP2A6, CYP1A2, CYP3A4, and CYP2B1, were examined in normal human(More)
AGG to AGT mutations in codon 249 of the p53 tumor-suppressor gene are frequently observed in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) from areas where exposure to aflatoxin B1 (AFB) occurs. We developed a sensitive allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) assay to detect this point mutation in non-neoplastic human liver tissues. Three oligonucleotide(More)
The effect of GSTA1-1 (glutathione S-transferase Alpha 1-1) on JNK (c-Jun N-terminal kinase) activation was investigated in Caco-2 cells in which GSTA1 expression increases with degree of confluency, and in MEF3T3 cells with Tet-Off-inducible GSTA1 expression. Comparison of GSTA1 expression in pre-confluent, confluent and 8-day post-confluent Caco-2 cells(More)
Murine hepatic cytochrome P450 2a5 (Cyp2a5) is induced during hepatotoxicity and hepatitis, however, the specific regulatory mechanisms have not been determined. We compared the influence of acute inflammation elicited in vivo by bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and liver injury caused by the hepatotoxin pyrazole on hepatic Cyp2a5 expression in(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX) is widely used in anti-cancer cocktails. Dexrazoxane (DXR) is a cardioprotectant approved for use with DOX. The effect of DOX, with or without DXR, on bone in children is not well understood. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of DOX on vertebrae and femur length and bone density acquisition in young rats, as well as to test(More)
The relative roles of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and aflatoxin and their possible mechanism of interaction in the etiopathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are not understood. One hypothesis is that viral infection and associated liver injury alter expression of carcinogen-metabolizing enzymes. We tested this hypothesis in an HBV-transgenic mouse(More)