Gordon M. Xiong

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Key insights into the behavior of materials can be gained by observing their structure as they undergo lattice distortion. Laser pulses on the femtosecond time scale can be used to induce disorder in a "pump-probe" experiment with the ensuing transients being probed stroboscopically with femtosecond pulses of visible light, x-rays, or electrons. Here we(More)
Hemocompatibility, anti-inflammation and anti-thrombogenicity of acellular synthetic vascular grafts remains a challenge in biomaterials design. Using electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) fibers as a template, a coating of polypyrrole (PPy) was successfully polymerized onto the fiber surface. The fibers coated with heparin-doped PPy (PPy-HEP) demonstrated(More)
Graphene foams (GFs) are versatile nanoplatforms for biomedical applications because of their excellent physical, chemical, and mechanical properties. However, the brittleness and inflexibility of pristine GF (pGF) are some of the important factors restricting their widespread application. Here, a chemical-vapor-deposition-assisted method was used to(More)
To enhance the cytocompatibility of polycaprolactone (PCL), cell-adhesive gelatin is covalently immobilized onto the PCL film surface via two surface-modified approaches: a conventional chemical immobilization process and a surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) process. Kinetics studies reveal that the polymer chain growth from the(More)
Although polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) is non-toxic and stable in vivo, its hydrophobic surface has limited its bio-applications due to poor cell-material interaction and thrombus formation when used in blood contacting devices. In this study, surface modification of PVDF using naturally derived non-mammalian collagen was accomplished via direct(More)
The coating material technology is important for the delivery of anti-proliferative drugs from the surface of drug-eluting balloons (DEBs), which are emerging as alternatives to drug-eluting stents (DES) in the field of interventional cardiology. Currently, several shortcomings limit their competition with DES, including low drug transfer efficiency to the(More)
THE “CONSOLIDATED AND FURTHER Continuing Appropriations Act of 2013” (1) guaranteeing funding for the federal government has, buried in the legislation, a direct attack on science. Senator Tom Coburn (R– OK) introduced an amendment that eliminates all political science research funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), except where it promotes the(More)
BACKGROUND Directing cell behaviour using controllable, on-demand non-biochemical methods, such as electrical stimulation is an attractive area of research. While there exists much potential in exploring different modes of electrical stimulation and investigating a wider range of cellular phenomena that can arise from electrical stimulation, progress in(More)
AIM To perform one-pot synthesis of heparin-immobilized polypyrrole (PPy) nanoparticles and evaluate the use of these nanoparticles for the delivery of VEGF. MATERIALS & METHODS Heparin-stabilized synthesis of PPy nanoparticles was performed via oxidative polymerization. VEGF-bound PPy-heparin nanoparticles were delivered to endothelial cells and(More)