Gordon L Ruskell

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Wallerian degeneration was used to study the contributions of the first and second divisions of the trigeminal nerve to cerebral arterial innervation in the cynomolgus monkey. Animals were killed by intracardiac perfusion of fixative three to seven days after left ophthalmic or maxillary neurotomy or a combination of both, using three animals for each(More)
Nerve terminal alterations induced by superior cervical ganglionectomy and pterygopalatine ganglion lesions, and acinus cell alterations induced by the latter operation and by greater petrosal neurectomy, established that a majority of interstitial and all parenchymal nerve terminals of the lacrimal gland in monkeys were parasympathetic. These were shown to(More)
Levels of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)- and substance P (SP)-like immunoreactivity were measured in ocular and orbital tissues of albino rabbits. Substantial amounts of VIP were detected in the choroid (22.6 +/- 3.6 pmol g-1), and in the lacrimal (13.6 +/- 4.4 pmol g-1) and Harderian glands (20.2 +/- 4.9 pmol g-1). Somewhat less was found in the(More)
Using a slit-lamp biomicroscope mounted Cochet-Bonnet aesthesiometer, the touch sensitivity of the eyelid margin and palpebral conjunctiva was determined for both upper and lower lids in 30 subjects. Thresholds for the occlusal surface of the lid, the marginal angle and the middle of the tarsus were measured centrally. A significantly higher touch(More)
Many of the myelinated nerve fibres of the distal myotendinous region of rectus muscles terminate on muscle fibre tips. The terminal expansions contain aggregated, small clear vesicles and mitochondria. Neuromuscular clefts at the contacts measure 20--40 nm and are uninterrupted by a basal lamina; the sarcoplasm opposite the contacts is unmodified. Some(More)
Following intracranial section of either the oculomotor or ophthalmic nerve, Wallerian degeneration studies revealed 1.38-3.7% of nerve fibres in the nerves to the inferior and superior rectus muscles were of ophthalmic nerve origin; more than half of them were unmyelinated. The results of the two experiments were complementary. The proportion of fibres(More)
Twenty seven muscle spindles from six extraocular muscles removed following ocular enucleation from patients aged 58, 76 and 74 years were examined throughout all or most of their length by means of light and electron microscopy using serial transverse sections. Five others were prepared in longitudinal section. Twelve spindles of the superior rectus muscle(More)
Two or three or sometimes more fine intracavernous branches were traced from the ophthalmic nerve using serial section reconstruction and induced nerve degeneration. They joined the cavernous plexus and were distributed forward with autonomic nerves to the adventitia of the internal carotid artery, emerging from the sinus with the artery. A strong recurrent(More)