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Biopsy samples of blubber from adult male and female blue whales, and from female and young-of-the-year humpback whales were collected during the summers of 1992-1999 in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada. In blue whales, concentrations of 25 PCB congeners, DDT and metabolites and several other organochlorine compounds were present at higher concentrations in(More)
The effect of solution pH and levels of dissolved organic matter (DOM) on the sampling rates for model pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) and endocrine disrupting substance (EDS) by polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS) was investigated in laboratory experiments. A commercially available POCIS configuration containing neutral(More)
Adaptive radiations are an important source of biodiversity, but resolving which ecological pressures seed these processes in natural systems remains difficult. Here the adaptive radiation among Telmatherina, a genus of freshwater fish endemic to an ancient lake in central Sulawesi, Indonesia, was examined to determine its causal root. We demonstrate that(More)
A commonly used toxicokinetic model was coupled to a bioenergetic submodel optimized for yellow perch and an empirical growth submodel to predict daily PCB elimination flux in three size classes of fish under seasonally variable temperatures. Across seasons, the bioenergetic model predicted highly variable gill ventilation and fecal egestion rates which(More)
The significance of temperature on aquatic species ecology and physiology is well recognized yet its effects on chemical bioaccumulation kinetics are less well understood under natural conditions. In this study, yellow perch were dosed with a polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) mixture and allowed to depurate the chemicals over 1 year under an ambient(More)
In this study, fertilized Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) embryos were exposed from fertilization to 5 d post-hatch using static non-renewal assays to aqueous suspensions of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nTiO₂) ranging in nominal concentrations between 0 and 14 μg mL⁻¹. The average size of the nTiO₂ in the stock solution before addition to the test(More)
The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class of anti-depressants is among the most widely prescribed groups of pharmaceuticals. Consequently, aquatic ecosystems impacted by municipal wastewater discharges are predicted to receive substantial annual loadings of these compounds. Although SSRIs have been detected in fish tissues, little is known of(More)
Pharmaceuticals discharged in municipal wastewater are of emerging concern because of their potential for inducing biological effects in aquatic organisms. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), pharmaceuticals prescribed to treat chronic depression, have been detected in receiving and wastewaters. Fluoxetine is a highly prescribed model SSRI used(More)
Persistent organic pollutant bioaccumulation models have generally been formulated to predict bioconcentration and biomagnification. A third bioaccumulation process that can mediate chemical fugacity in an organism is bioamplification.Bioamplification occurs when an organism loses body weight and the chemical partitioning capacity occurs at a rate that is(More)
Understanding variability of contaminant bioaccumulation within and among fish populations is critical for distinguishing between the chemical and biological mechanisms that contribute to food web biomagnification and quantifying contaminant exposure risks in aquatic ecosystems. The present study examined the relative contributions of chemical(More)