Gordon L Amidon

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A biopharmaceutics drug classification scheme for correlating in vitro drug product dissolution and in vivo bioavailability is proposed based on recognizing that drug dissolution and gastrointestinal permeability are the fundamental parameters controlling rate and extent of drug absorption. This analysis uses a transport model and human permeability results(More)
The purpose of this study is to provisionally classify, based on the Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS), drugs in immediate-release dosage forms that appear on the World Health Organization (WHO) Essential Drug List. The classification in this report is based on the aqueous solubility of the drugs reported in commonly available reference(More)
Purpose. To compare gene expression profiles and drug permeability differences in Caco-2 cell culture and human duodenum. Methods. Gene expression profiles in Caco-2 cells and human duodenum were determined by GeneChip® analysis. In vivo drug permeability measurements were obtained through single-pass intestinal perfusion in human subjects, and correlated(More)
Dissolution tests are used for many purposes in the pharmaceutical industry: in the development of new products, for quality control and, to assist with the determination of bioequivalence. Recent regulatory developments such as the Biopharmaceutics Classification Scheme have highlighted the importance of dissolution in the regulation of post-approval(More)
The current BSC guidance issued by the FDA allows for biowaivers based on conservative criteria. Possible new criteria and class boundaries are proposed for additional biowaivers based on the underlying physiology of the gastrointestinal tract. The proposed changes in new class boundaries for solubility and permeability are as follows: 1. Narrow the(More)
To study the correlation of intestinal absorption for drugs with various absorption routes between human and rat, and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms for the similarity in drug intestinal absorption and the differences in oral bioavailability between human and rat. The intestinal permeabilities of 14 drugs and three drug-like compounds with(More)
Purpose. To study the uptake of biodegradable microparticles in Caco-2 cells. Methods. Biodegradable microparticles of polylactic polyglycolic acid co-polymer (PLGA 50:50) of mean diameters 0.1 μm, 1 μm, and 10 μm containing bovine serum albumin as a model protein and 6-coumarin as a fluorescent marker were formulated by a multiple emulsion technique. The(More)
Valacyclovir is the 5'-valyl ester prodrug of acyclovir, an effective anti-herpetic drug. Systemic availability of acyclovir in humans is three to five times higher when administered orally as the prodrug. The increased bioavailability of valacyclovir is attributed to carrier-mediated intestinal absorption, via the hPEPT1 peptide transporter, followed by(More)
The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of particle size of nano- and microparticles formulated from poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (50:50 PLGA) on polymer degradation and protein release. Since the surface area to volume ratio is inversely proportional to the particle size, it is hypothesized that the particle size would influence the(More)
BACKGROUND The Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS) allows compounds to be classified based on their in vitro solubility and intestinal permeability. The BCS has found widespread use in the pharmaceutical community to be an enabling guide for the rational selection of compounds, formulation for clinical advancement, and generic biowaivers. The(More)