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• Nonuniformity of cardiac muscle with respect to refractory period duration and conduction velocity is well recognized as a necessary factor in the induction of turbulent impulse propagation; i.e., fibrillation. 1 " 7 It has been suggested that the facilitatory effect of vagal stimulation on the induction and per-petuation of atrial fibrillation is due, at(More)
The electrotonic interactions of a parasystolic pacemaker with ventricular responses to the normal pacemaker across an area of depressed excitability were simulated in a model consisting of strands of canine Purkinje fibers mounted in a sucrose gap preparation. Experiments were conducted to study the patterns of ectopic activity that result from entrainment(More)
The role of calcium ions (Ca-+) in the generation of transient depolarizations (TDs) by acetylstrophanthidin was examined. Transmembrane activity was recorded from isolated canine false tendons exposed to acetylstrophanthidin; concentrations from 7.5 X 10"" to 2 X 10-" g/ml caused TDs coupled to driven action potentials and depressed slow diastolic(More)
Isolated false tendons excised form dog hearts were mounted in a three-chamber tissue bath. Isotonic sucrose solution was perfused in the central chamber to provide a region of depressed conductivity between the fiber segments in chambers 1 and 3, which were perfused with Tyrode's solution. The electrotonic influence of spontaneous or driven responses(More)
A model of "reflection" was developed in a sucrose gap preparation of Purkinje fibers. In this preparation, a driven impulse on the proximal side of a sucrose gap is electrotonically transmitted after a delay to the tissue distal to the gap. When the delay is long enough, electrotonic transmission in the reverse direction over the same blocked segment can(More)
When an impulse arrives at an area of impaired conductivity, a slowly rising electrotonic potential may bring the distal tissue to threshold after a delay imposed by the passive electrical properties of the system and by the time-dependent changes of these properties during diastole. This phenomenon can be demonstrated in Purkinje strands in which an area(More)
The dynamic behavior of the cardiac pacemaker in response to single or to periodically repeated perturbations was studied using kitten sinoatrial (SA) nodal strips mounted in a sucrose gap. Sustained stepwise applications of current across the gap produce lasting variations in pacemaker cycle length that depend on current magnitude and polarity, but not on(More)