Gordon G. Sleivert

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It has been suggested that a critically high body core temperature may impair central neuromuscular activation and cause fatigue. We investigated the effects of passive hyperthermia on maximal isometric force production (MVC) and voluntary activation (VA) to determine the relative roles of skin (T sk) and body core temperature (T c) on these factors.(More)
To determine the reliability of measures used in neuromuscular diagnosis and rehabilitation, 23 adults underwent identical testing on two occasions. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) showed the reliability of peak torque measurement to depend both on the movement tested and velocity of contraction (leg extension ICC = 0.64-0.94, plantar flexion ICC(More)
Fatigue during hyperthermia may be due in part to a failure of the central nervous system to fully activate the working muscles. We investigated the effects of passive hyperthermia on maximal plantar flexor isometric torque (maximal isometric voluntary contraction) and voluntary activation to determine the roles of local skin temperature, core temperature,(More)
It has been proposed that a critical body temperature exists at which muscle activation is impaired through a direct effect of high brain temperature decreasing the central drive to exercise, but other factors may also inhibit performance in the heat. An integrative physiological model is presented to stimulate research into mechanisms of hyperthermic(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate if selected physiological variables were related to triathlon performance. Eighteen male and seven female triathletes competed in a short-course triathlon (1-km swim, 30-km cycle, 9-km run) and underwent physiological testing within 14 d. VO2max and ventilatory threshold (VT) were measured on a cycle ergometer,(More)
This study investigated the relationship between sprint start performance (5-m time) and strength and power variables. Thirty male athletes [height: 183.8 (6.8) cm, and mass: 90.6 (9.3) kg; mean (SD)] each completed six 10-m sprints from a standing start. Sprint times were recorded using a tethered running system and the force-time characteristics of the(More)
Body cooling before exercise (i.e. pre-cooling) reduces physiological strain in humans during endurance exercise in temperate and warm environments, usually improving performance. This study examined the effectiveness of pre-cooling humans by ice-vest and cold (3 degrees C) air, with (LC) and without (LW) leg cooling, in reducing heat strain and improving(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of precooling skin and core temperature on a 70 second cycling power test performed in a warm and humid environment (29 degrees C, 80% relative humidity). METHODS Thirteen male national and international level representative cyclists (mean (SD) age 24.1 (4.1) years; height 181.5 (6.2) cm; weight 75.5 (6.4) kg; maximal(More)
Volleyball players, middle distance runners and non-athletes (n = 10/group) were tested to determine whether neuromuscular differences existed between groups and to clarify the roles of factors involved in maximal power production. The runners were leaner than controls, while the volleyball players were taller, heavier and had larger thigh volumes than the(More)
The physiological demands of sequential exercise in swimming, cycling and running are unique and require the triathlete to develop physical and physiological characteristics that are a blend of those seen in endurance swimming, cycling and running specialists. Elite triathletes are generally tall, of average to light weight and have low levels of body fat,(More)