Gordon G Macgregor

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A key question in systems biology is how diverse physiologic processes are integrated to produce global homeostasis. Genetic analysis can contribute by identifying genes that perturb this integration. One system orchestrates renal NaCl and K+ flux to achieve homeostasis of blood pressure and serum K+ concentration. Positional cloning implicated the(More)
Type II Bartter's syndrome is a hereditary hypokalemic renal salt-wasting disorder caused by mutations in the ROMK channel (Kir1.1; Kcnj1), mediating potassium recycling in the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (TAL) and potassium secretion in the distal tubule and cortical collecting duct (CCT). Newborns with Type II Bartter are transiently(More)
Inwardly rectifying, ATP-sensitive K+ channels (K(ATP)) couple metabolism to either cell excitability (Kir6.x) or potassium secretion (Kir1.1). Phosphatidylinositol phospholipids, like PI(4,5)P2, antagonize nucleotide inhibition of K(ATP) channels enhancing the coupling of metabolic events to cell electrical or transport activity. The mechanism by which(More)
pH is an important modulator of the low-conductance ATP-sensitive K+ channel of the distal nephron. To examine the mechanism of interaction of protons with the channel-forming protein, we expressed the cloned renal K channel, ROMK (Kir1.x), in Xenopus oocytes and examined the response to varied concentrations of protons both in the presence and in the(More)
Paracellular ion flux across epithelia occurs through selective and regulated pores in tight junctions; this process is poorly understood. Mutations in the kinase WNK4 cause pseudohypoaldosteronism type II (PHAII), a disease featuring hypertension and hyperkalemia. Whereas WNK4 is known to regulate several transcellular transporters and channels involved in(More)
Intracellular ATP and membrane-associated phosphatidylinositol phospholipids, like PIP(2) (PI(4,5)P(2)), regulate the activity of ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) and Kir1.1 channels by direct interaction with the pore-forming subunits of these channels. We previously demonstrated direct binding of TNP-ATP(More)
The activity of the cloned renal K+ channel (ROMK2) is dependent on a balance between phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. There are only three protein kinase A (PKA) sites on ROMK2, with the phosphorylated residues being serine-25 (S25), serine-200 (S200), and serine-294 (S294) (Z.-C. Xu, Y. Yang, and S. C. Hebert. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 9313-9319, 1996).(More)
We have used the patch-clamp technique to study the effects of changing extracellular ATP concentration on the activity of the small-conductance potassium channel (SK) on the apical membrane of the mouse cortical collecting duct. In cell-attached patches, the channel conductance and kinetics were similar to its rat homologue. Addition of ATP to the bathing(More)
We have used the patch-clamp technique to record single channels in excised membrane patches from type II pneumocytes freshly isolated from fetal guinea pig lung by elastase digestion and differential filtration. The 10/56 patches exhibited spontaneous channel activity with a mean open-state probability (NPo) of 0.5 +/- 0.1. In symmetrical Na(+)-rich(More)
Close similarity between the rat native low-conductance K(+) channel in the apical membrane of renal cortical collecting duct principal cells and the cloned rat ROMK channel strongly suggest that the two are identical. Prominent features of ROMK regulation are a steep pH dependence and activation by protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent phosphorylation. In this(More)