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The health effects of a binge pattern of alcohol consumption have not been widely investigated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cardiovascular consequences of binge drinking (consumption of eight or more drinks at one sitting) and usual (nonbinge) drinking in a longitudinal, population-based study. Data obtained from 1,154 men and women aged(More)
The short- and long-term effects of poverty and unemployment on alcohol abuse are investigated using structural equation modelling (SEM) to better understand the observed conflicting relationships among them. We studied 795 community residents who provided complete data in both 1989 and 1991 in the Winnipeg Health and Drinking Survey (WHDS), with equal(More)
  • G E Barnes
  • 1979
The literature on solvent abuse is reviewed. Methods of use, symptoms of use, and effects of long-term solvent abuse are discussed. Several surveys on solvent use are summarized. The highest prevalence of solvent abuse seems to occur in native peoples undergoing periods of cultural change. Environmental conditions which are postulated as leading to(More)
The study of smoker's personality has a long and controversial history. Smokers tend to be more extroverted, tense, and anxious and have more antisocial characteristics than nonsmokers. However, some of the data is contradictory, and the strength of the relationship between personality and smoking is weak, probably because smokers are not a homogeneous(More)
There is broad diversity among the ways in which alcohol abuse and/or dependence are defined and operationalized by researchers. In a community survey of 1,257 adult males and females, eight different measures of alcohol abuse or dependence were used. For analysis, each measure was dichotomized at its usual cutoff point. A factor analysis of distance scores(More)
In this study predictors of successful smoking cessation among 166 clients of a smoking cessation program were examined via multiple regression analyses. Results showed that seven significant predictors accounted for 25% of the variance in successful smoking cessation. Abstainers tended to have higher incomes, to rate pregnancy as a motivation more highly,(More)
In Canada, as elsewhere, there has been a shift away from institutional care toward community care for chronic mental patients. This transition has not occurred without some difficulties arising. In this paper, various major issues pertaining to the care of chronic mental patients in the Canadian health care system are discussed, including problems(More)
The adolescent marijuana literature is reviewed. Studies show that the prevalence of marijuana use is generally quite low in elementary schools. In junior and senior high samples, findings vary greatly from place to place. The prevalence of use increased dramatically during the 1970s although the use patterns may have peaked already in some areas. The use(More)
OBJECTIVE To date there are many studies describing the protective and risk factors associated with alcohol consumption and cardiovascular health (the U- or J-shaped curve). These studies have only accounted for part of the effects. One hypothesis is that personality differences may account for some of the unexplained variance. It is also unclear if wine,(More)