Gordon E. Barnes

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The health effects of a binge pattern of alcohol consumption have not been widely investigated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cardiovascular consequences of binge drinking (consumption of eight or more drinks at one sitting) and usual (nonbinge) drinking in a longitudinal, population-based study. Data obtained from 1,154 men and women aged(More)
The short- and long-term effects of poverty and unemployment on alcohol abuse are investigated using structural equation modelling (SEM) to better understand the observed conflicting relationships among them. We studied 795 community residents who provided complete data in both 1989 and 1991 in the Winnipeg Health and Drinking Survey (WHDS), with equal(More)
  • G E Barnes
  • The International journal of the addictions
  • 1979
The literature on solvent abuse is reviewed. Methods of use, symptoms of use, and effects of long-term solvent abuse are discussed. Several surveys on solvent use are summarized. The highest prevalence of solvent abuse seems to occur in native peoples undergoing periods of cultural change. Environmental conditions which are postulated as leading to(More)
The study of smoker's personality has a long and controversial history. Smokers tend to be more extroverted, tense, and anxious and have more antisocial characteristics than nonsmokers. However, some of the data is contradictory, and the strength of the relationship between personality and smoking is weak, probably because smokers are not a homogeneous(More)
There is broad diversity among the ways in which alcohol abuse and/or dependence are defined and operationalized by researchers. In a community survey of 1,257 adult males and females, eight different measures of alcohol abuse or dependence were used. For analysis, each measure was dichotomized at its usual cutoff point. A factor analysis of distance scores(More)
In Canada, as elsewhere, there has been a shift away from institutional care toward community care for chronic mental patients. This transition has not occurred without some difficulties arising. In this paper, various major issues pertaining to the care of chronic mental patients in the Canadian health care system are discussed, including problems(More)
In this investigation, secondary analyses were performed on an extensive database for 473 biological and 128 adoptive families. These data, which were gathered as part of the Vancouver Family Survey, were used to examine the prevalence and predictors of "heavy" marijuana use in a Canadian youth sample aged 14-25. Results in this study showed that 12.6% of(More)
BACKGROUND research has reliably demonstrated cardioprotection from regular alcohol use. Heavy episodic drinking (HED), however, negates these beneficial effects and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The impact of age on the health effects of episodic drinking has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE to examine the association between alcohol(More)
In this study predictors of successful smoking cessation among 166 clients of a smoking cessation program were examined via multiple regression analyses. Results showed that seven significant predictors accounted for 25% of the variance in successful smoking cessation. Abstainers tended to have higher incomes, to rate pregnancy as a motivation more highly,(More)