Gordon D Harkiss

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Small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLV = maedi-visna in sheep and caprine arthritis encephalitis in goats) are distributed throughout most countries of the world, particularly Europe. Laboratories from 16 European countries established collaborations within the framework of a COST (CO-operation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research) action sponsored(More)
A major route of transmission of Visna/maedi virus (VMV), an ovine lentivirus, is thought to be via the respiratory tract, by inhalation of either cell-free or cell-associated virus. In previous studies, we have shown that infection via the lower respiratory tract is much more efficient than via upper respiratory tissues (T. N. McNeilly, P. Tennant, L.(More)
Infection by lentiviruses such as human immunodeficiency virus, Maedi-Visna virus and Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus, is associated with a variety of neurological syndromes, but the mechanism by which the damage occurs to the nervous system is not known. The viruses do not infect neurons and so the neurotoxic actions must be mediated indirectly. Here(More)
Lentivirus infections in small ruminants represent an economic problem affecting several European countries with important sheep-breeding industries. Programs for control and eradication of these infections are being initiated and require reliable screening assays. This communication describes the construction and evaluation of a new serological screening(More)
Infection by lentiviruses such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Maedi-Visna virus (MVV) is associated with neurodegenerative disorders. We have investigated the neurotoxic mechanisms of a synthetic peptide of transactivating protein tat of MVV in striatal neuronal cultures. Tat peptide (but not control peptide) caused neuronal death, without(More)
Lentiviruses such as Maedi Visna virus (MVV) in sheep, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in man often cause a variety of neurological syndromes in later stages of infection. Neuropathological investigations reveal damage to myelin and astrocytosis in both white and grey matter. MVV infection induces axonal damage with some areas of necrosis while(More)
Maedi-Visna Virus (MVV) infection of the central nervous system (CNS) results in pathological changes, the mechanisms of which are poorly understood. MVV preferentially infects cell of the monocyte/macrophage lineage in vivo. The neuroparenchymal microglial cells are the resident tissue macrophages in the CNS and therefore likely targets for MVV infection.(More)
Maedi-Visna Virus (MVV) infection of the central nervous system (CNS) results in pathological changes, the mechanisms of which are poorly understood. MVV preferentially infects cell of the monocyte/macrophage lineage in vivo. The neuroparenchymal microglial cells are the resident tissue macrophages in the CNS and therefore likely targets for MVV infection.(More)
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