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We demonstrate low-speckle laser projection using a broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) emitting at 840 nm wavelength as the illumination source. By driving the source in a nonmodal emission regime, we were able to achieve speckle contrast values as low as 3.5% in a realistic projection setup. This was done by driving the VCSEL with(More)
We present a standardized procedure to measure the amount of speckle in laser based projection systems. The parameters of the measurement procedure are chosen such that the measured speckle contrast values are in correspondence with the subjective speckle perception of a human observer, independent of the particularities of the laser projector's(More)
The goal of our investigation is to design a low-speckle laser line generator based on partial spatially coherent laser light. Low speckle is achieved by exploiting a regime of strongly reduced spatial coherence of a broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser, which is used as the line generator's light source. A comparative experimental study of(More)
Early detection of residual tumour and local tumour progression (LTP) after radiofrequency (RF) ablation is crucial in the decision whether or not to re-ablate. In general, standard contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) is used to evaluate the technique effectiveness; however, it is difficult to differentiate post-treatment changes from residual(More)
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