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Approximately 30 to 40 percent of atherosclerotic coronary arteries treated by angioplasty or by bypass surgery occlude as a result of restenosis. This restenosis is due principally to the accumulation of neointimal smooth muscle cells, which is also a prominent feature of the advanced lesions of atherosclerosis. The factors responsible for the accumulation(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of mortality, morbidity, and disability in the world. The high prevalence and morbidity associated with CAD in Iran is one of the most pressing health problems. METHODS We have reviewed the status of CAD and prevalence of its traditional and novel risk factors based on the published papers in(More)
OBJECTIVE Fish-oil contains high concentrations of omega-3 fatty acids that have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties. We have evaluated the effects of purified omega-3 fatty acid supplements on several anthropometric and biochemical parameters, including heat shock protein (Hsp) 27 antibody titres in subjects with metabolic syndrome. METHODS(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a condition that is associated with oxidative stress. Serum trace elements and their related transport proteins, e.g., albumin and ceruloplasmin, play an important role in the antioxidant defense. Trace element status may therefore be involved in the pathogenesis of RA or be affected by the disease activity of this chronic(More)
Genetic polymorphisms of apolipoprotein C-III (apo C-III) and insulin were studied in 48 Caucasian post-myocardial infarction patients. 10 patients (21%) had an uncommon allelic variant of the apo A-I/C-III gene cluster (on the long arm of chromosome 11); in 47 control subjects this variant was present in only 2 and in none of those who were(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary micronutrients have been proposed to protect against oxidative damage and related clinical complications. AIMS We aimed to compare the micronutrient intake between individuals with and without metabolic syndrome (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS This cross-sectional study included 3800 men and women who were aged between 35 and 65 years.(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a disorder often accompanied by a heightened state of systemic inflammation and immunoactivation. The present randomized crossover trial aimed to investigate the efficacy of curcumin, a bioactive polyphenol with established anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects, on the serum levels of a panel of cytokines and mediators in(More)
Results of large studies, primarily conducted in North America and Europe, have inferred an association between a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m 2 and improved survival after stroke (1,2). This phenomenon, termed the 'obesity paradox' , may have implications for the management of susceptible groups. We investigated the implications of this paradox in a(More)
This in vivo study was designed to investigate the potential of aluminium (Al), in the absence of added iron, to participate in either antioxidant or pro-oxidant events. Some markers of oxidative stress were determined in liver and brain of rats exposed to aluminium lactate, either alone or in the presence of dietary supplements of selenium (se) as(More)
The relationship between serum anti-heat shock protein (Hsp)27 antibody and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels and indices of cardiac function were investigated in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or heart valve replacement. The changes in anti-Hsp27 antibody titers and hs-CRP levels were compared among patients(More)