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This study reviews the cochlear histology from four hearing preservation cochlear implantation experiments conducted on 73 guinea pigs from our institution, and relates histopathological findings to residual hearing. All guinea pigs had normal hearing prior to surgery and underwent cochlear implantation via a cochleostomy with a silastic-platinum dummy(More)
Clinically, gentamicin has been used extensively to treat the debilitating symptoms of Mèniére's disease and is well known for its vestibulotoxic properties. Until recently, it was widely accepted that the round window membrane (RWM) was the primary entry route into the inner ear following intratympanic drug administration. In the current study, gentamicin(More)
BACKGROUND There is experimental evidence that targeted delivery of steroids to the inner ear can protect hearing during cochlear implant surgery. The best protection appears to be achieved through pre-treatment of the cochlea, but the time period required for treatment is long compared with the duration of surgery, and needs further optimization. The(More)
Application of dexamethasone to the round window has been shown to ameliorate high frequency hearing loss resulting from the trauma of cochlear implantation in experimental animals, but elucidation of the factors influencing protection of the high frequencies has been confounded by the local trauma from electrode array insertion. In this experiment, a(More)
AIM To protect hearing during cochlear implantation with systemic administration of dexamethasone. METHODS Seventeen normal-hearing guinea pigs were randomly allocated to receive an intravenous injection of either normal saline (control), low- (0.2 mg/kg) or high- (2 mg/kg) dose dexamethasone 60 min prior to cochlear implantation. Auditory brainstem(More)
Dexamethasone administered prior to cochlear implantation has been shown to reduce the loss of residual hearing in experimental settings. However, its effect on the tissue response around the implant has not been extensively studied. In this study dexamethasone sodium phosphate was administered to guinea pigs via local delivery to the round window (2%(More)
HYPOTHESIS To determine whether a systemic immune response influences hearing thresholds and tissue response after cochlear implantation of hearing guinea pigs. METHODS Guinea pigs were inoculated with sterile antigen (Keyhole limpet hemocyanin) 3 weeks before cochlear implantation. Pure-tone auditory brainstem response thresholds were performed before(More)
AIM To examine the early cochlear response and intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression to implantation of a cochlear electrode into the scala tympani. BACKGROUND Understanding the early response of the cochlea to implantation may inform the duration which drug therapies should be delivered to protect hearing. METHODS Guinea pigs were(More)
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