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Gangliosides and glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins have very different biosynthetic origin, but they have one thing in common: they are both comprised of a relatively large hydrophilic moiety tethered to a membrane by a relatively small lipid tail. Both gangliosides and GPI-anchored proteins can be actively shed from the membrane of one(More)
Protein glycosylation affects nearly all molecular interactions at the cell surface and in the intercellular space. Many of the physiological variations which are part of homeostatic mechanisms influence glycosylation. However, a comprehensive overview of changes in glycosylation caused by aging and common lifestyle parameters is still lacking. After(More)
All immunoglobulin G molecules carry N-glycans, which modulate their biological activity. Changes in N-glycosylation of IgG associate with various diseases and affect the activity of therapeutic antibodies and intravenous immunoglobulins. We have developed a novel 96-well protein G monolithic plate and used it to rapidly isolate IgG from plasma of 2298(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Galectin-3 is an interesting intracellular lectin that appears to be involved in numerous physiological processes. We have analyzed expression of galectin-3 in glioblastoma cells exposed to heat-shock, alkylating agents, UV-C radiation and subculturing (trypsinization). METHODS Protein levels of galectin-3 were measured by western-blot(More)
Glycosylation of immunoglobulin G (IgG) influences IgG effector function by modulating binding to Fc receptors. To identify genetic loci associated with IgG glycosylation, we quantitated N-linked IgG glycans using two approaches. After isolating IgG from human plasma, we performed 77 quantitative measurements of N-glycosylation using ultra-performance(More)
UNLABELLED Fine structural details of glycans attached to the conserved N-glycosylation site significantly not only affect function of individual immunoglobulin G (IgG) molecules but also mediate inflammation at the systemic level. By analyzing IgG glycosylation in 5,117 individuals from four European populations, we have revealed very complex patterns of(More)
A rapid glycomic profiling method is described wherein N-glycans from plasma samples individually labelled with aniline, 2-aminobenzamide and 2-aminoacridone are mixed, co-injected and separated in the same HILIC-fluorescence run. Transfer of the multiplexed method to UPLC-fluorescence permits an increase in sample throughput from 24 to 864 plasma samples(More)
A recent genome-wide association study identified hepatocyte nuclear factor 1-α (HNF1A) as a key regulator of fucosylation. We hypothesized that loss-of-function HNF1A mutations causal for maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) would display altered fucosylation of N-linked glycans on plasma proteins and that glycan biomarkers could improve the(More)
There is increasing evidence for a role of genetic predisposition in the etiology of kidney disease, but linkage scans have been poorly replicated. Here we performed a genome-wide linkage analysis of serum creatinine on 2859 individuals from isolated villages in South Tyrol (Italy), Rucphen (The Netherlands) and Vis Island (Croatia), populations that have(More)