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BACKGROUND Fragmented QRS (duration <120 ms) on a 12-lead ECG represents myocardial scar in patients with coronary artery disease. However, the significance of fragmented QRS has not been defined in the presence of a wide QRS (wQRS; duration >or=120 ms). We postulate that fragmented wQRS (f-wQRS) due to bundle branch block, premature ventricular complexes,(More)
BACKGROUND Fragmented QRS (fQRS) on a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is associated with myocardial scar in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). OBJECTIVE We postulated that fQRS is a predictor of cardiac events and mortality in patients who have known CAD or who are being evaluated for CAD. METHODS The cardiac events (myocardial infarction,(More)
BACKGROUND Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC) seems to be a form of reversible cardiomyopathy. With recurrence, TIC can be more severe and may increase the risk for sudden cardiac death. OBJECTIVE We postulate that negative remodeling persists even though ejection fraction (EF) normalizes after appropriate treatment in these patients. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND The outcomes of patients with ventricular assist devices (VADs) who undergo catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia (VT) have not been reported. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of endocardial VT ablation in patients with VADs. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed three cases at our(More)
BACKGROUND Nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NICM) is associated with diffuse global hypokinesia on echocardiography. However, NICM also may be associated with segmental wall-motion abnormalities (SWMAs) even in the presence of global hypokinesia, probably secondary to patchy myocardial scars. OBJECTIVE Because myocardial scars serve as substrate for(More)
Catheter ablation is an effective therapy for symptomatic ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in patients with and without structural heart disease. It is the treatment of choice to cure or reduce recurrent VA in patients who have an implantable cardioverter defibrillator and can be a life-saving procedure in patients who have electrical storm. Catheter ablation(More)
In recent years, the role of implantable pacing devices has expanded beyond the arrhythmia horizon and contemporary pacemakers' attempt to meet the physiological needs of patients. Modern pacemakers' functions include various modes of dual-chamber pacing, rate-response algorithms with dual sensors for optimum physiological response, cardiac(More)
A 58-year-old female underwent PVC ablation within the right coronary cusp for symptomatic PVCs and suspected PVC-induced cardiomyopathy. Immediately after the procedure, she started to complain about feelings of impending doom, disorientation to time and place, and amnesia regarding the procedure. No sensory or motor deficits could be elicited. A(More)
BACKGROUND Complete electrical isolation of pulmonary veins (PVs) remains the cornerstone of ablation therapy for atrial fibrillation. Entrance block without exit block has been reported to occur in 40% of the patients. Far-field capture (FFC) can occur during pacing from the superior PVs to assess exit block, and this may appear as persistent conduction(More)
E sophageal fistula is a rare but devastating complication that may occur after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. 1 The mechanism of esophageal injury is not known. Potential mechanisms for injury include direct thermal injury and ischemic injury from damage to the esophageal blood supply. Current ablation strategies use various methods to avoid(More)