Gopal Krushna Pal

Learn More
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Practice of breathing exercises like pranayama is known to improve autonomic function by changing sympathetic or parasympathetic activity. Therefore, in the present study the effect of breathing exercises on autonomic functions was performed in young volunteers in the age group of 17-19 yr. METHODS A total of 60 male undergraduate(More)
Objective. In this study, we have assessed sympathovagal imbalance (SVI) by spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) that contributes to the genesis of early-onset PIH. Methods. Body mass index (BMI), basal heart rate (BHR), blood pressure (BP) and HRV indices such as LFnu, HFnu, LF-HF ratio, mean RR, SDNN and RMSSD were assessed in normal pregnant(More)
Although recently the incidence of prehypertension has increased considerably, the pathophysiological mechanisms and the effects of gender in its causation have not yet been fully elucidated. Therefore, in this study body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), basal heart rate (BHR), blood pressure (BP), rate pressure product (RPP), and spectral indices(More)
Traffic policemen working in the busy traffic signal areas get exposed to the vehicular emissions for years together. The fumes, chemicals and particles present in the emission are reported to be damaging to the lung functions of these individuals. Since there were no data available on the PFT parameters of traffic police personnel of Pondicherry, this(More)
BACKGROUND The present study was conducted to assess the nature of sympathovagal imbalance (SVI) in prehypertensives by short-term analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) to understand the alteration in autonomic modulation and the contribution of BMI to SVI in the genesis of prehypertension. METHODS Body mass index (BMI), basal heart rate (BHR), blood(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES As salt preference is known to cause hypertension (HTN), the present study was conducted to assess the impact of preference for salt on sympathovagal imbalance in prehypertensives by spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). SUBJECTS/METHODS Body mass index (BMI), basal heart rate, blood pressure (BP), rate pressure product(More)
BACKGROUND Ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) plays a major role in food intake, obesity and energy homeostasis. There is a report of gender difference in energy balance with increased vulnerability of males to cardiac disease. PURPOSE Body metabolism is greatly influenced by the diet we eat and some of the blood parameters like plasma glucose, insulin,(More)
Serotonin is known to inhibit food and water intake. However, the effect of its injection into nucleus caudatus on food and water intake is not known. In the present study, serotonin hydrochloride, buspirone (the serotonin 5-HT1A agonist) and ondensetron (the 5HT3 antagonist) were injected into nucleus caudatus through stereotaxically implanted cannulae in(More)
Injection of dopamine (DA) into accumbens and caudate nuclei facilitates a dose-dependent increase in food and water intake, whereas administration of spiperone (SP), a central D2-receptor antagonist suppresses DA-facilitated food and water intake. Bilateral lesions of nucleus accumbens and caudatus result in a sustained and significant decrease in food and(More)
Presently, essential hypertension (EH) is among the most common morbid disorders of mankind. The fundamental pathophysiology of EH is sympathetic overactivity. It has been observed that the people having common risk factors for hypertension such as obesity, insulin resistance and stress generally have increased sympathetic activity. Therefore, it is(More)