Gopal Krushna Pal

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BACKGROUND Estradiol is known to inhibit food intake (FI), water intake (WI) and body weight (BW) across the species including women and it is most evident in rats. Ovariectomy in rats and menopause in women produce hyperphagia and obesity. Estradiol substitution in ovariectomized (OVX) rats and hormone replacement in women reverses these changes suggesting(More)
Nucleus accumbens is proposed as one of the centers in the neural circuitry involved in the regulation of feeding and drinking behaviour in rats. Injection of dopamine and angiotensin-II into this nucleus has been documented to affect water and food intake in rats. Reports on the effect of intracerebral injection of catecholamines on feeding and drinking(More)
Injection of dopamine (DA) into accumbens and caudate nuclei facilitates a dose-dependent increase in food and water intake, whereas administration of spiperone (SP), a central D2-receptor antagonist suppresses DA-facilitated food and water intake. Bilateral lesions of nucleus accumbens and caudatus result in a sustained and significant decrease in food and(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension, one of the modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), is known to be associated with increased oxidative stress and reduced cardiovagal modulation. Similar to hypertension, prehypertension is associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular (CV) events. We planned this study to find the association between(More)
BACKGROUND Though cardiovascular (CV) risks are reported in first-degree relatives (FDR) of type 2 diabetics, the pathophysiological mechanisms contributing to these risks are not known. We investigated the association of sympathovagal imbalance (SVI) with CV risks in these subjects. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Body mass index (BMI), basal heart rate (BHR),(More)
BACKGROUND Specific nostril breathing is known to influence autonomic functions. AIM The study was to assess the effects of right nostril breathing (RNB) and left nostril breathing (LNB) on heart rate variability (HRV) and cardiovascular functions. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty-five student volunteers were divided into three groups: RNB group (n = 30),(More)
BACKGROUND The present study was conducted to assess the nature of sympathovagal imbalance (SVI) in prehypertensives by short-term analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) to understand the alteration in autonomic modulation and the contribution of BMI to SVI in the genesis of prehypertension. METHODS Body mass index (BMI), basal heart rate (BHR), blood(More)
Objective. Though prehypertension has strong familial predisposition, difference in pathophysiological mechanisms in its genesis in offspring of both parents and single parent hypertensive have not been elucidated. Methods. Body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), basal heart rate (BHR), blood pressure (BP), HR and BP response to standing, deep(More)
Various brain areas like the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) are known to influence food intake and body weight. Though obesity is more common in females, the reports on gender difference in the neural regulation of energy homeostasis are not adequate. Therefore, the present study was conducted to assess the gender difference in the effect of VMH lesion on(More)
Bilateral lesions of accumbens and caudate nuclei resulted in significant and sustained increase in water intake. Administration of different doses of dopamine (DA) into these nuclei facilitated a dose-dependent increase in 24-h water intake, whereas injection of spiperone following administration of DA inhibited DA-facilitated water intake in a(More)