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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Practice of breathing exercises like pranayama is known to improve autonomic function by changing sympathetic or parasympathetic activity. Therefore, in the present study the effect of breathing exercises on autonomic functions was performed in young volunteers in the age group of 17-19 yr. METHODS A total of 60 male undergraduate(More)
Traffic policemen working in the busy traffic signal areas get exposed to the vehicular emissions for years together. The fumes, chemicals and particles present in the emission are reported to be damaging to the lung functions of these individuals. Since there were no data available on the PFT parameters of traffic police personnel of Pondicherry, this(More)
Objective. In this study, we have assessed sympathovagal imbalance (SVI) by spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) that contributes to the genesis of early-onset PIH. Methods. Body mass index (BMI), basal heart rate (BHR), blood pressure (BP) and HRV indices such as LFnu, HFnu, LF-HF ratio, mean RR, SDNN and RMSSD were assessed in normal pregnant(More)
Presently, essential hypertension (EH) is among the most common morbid disorders of mankind. The fundamental pathophysiology of EH is sympathetic overactivity. It has been observed that the people having common risk factors for hypertension such as obesity, insulin resistance and stress generally have increased sympathetic activity. Therefore, it is(More)
Though the incidence of hypertension has increased considerably in recent years, the pathophysiologic mechanism that causes progression from stage of prehypertension to hypertension has not been fully elucidated. Therefore, the present study was conducted to assess the sympathovagal imbalance in prehypertensives and hypertensives by spectral analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND Estradiol is known to inhibit food intake (FI), water intake (WI) and body weight (BW) across the species including women and it is most evident in rats. Ovariectomy in rats and menopause in women produce hyperphagia and obesity. Estradiol substitution in ovariectomized (OVX) rats and hormone replacement in women reverses these changes suggesting(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension, one of the modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), is known to be associated with increased oxidative stress and reduced cardiovagal modulation. Similar to hypertension, prehypertension is associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular (CV) events. We planned this study to find the association between(More)
Injection of dopamine (DA) into accumbens and caudate nuclei facilitates a dose-dependent increase in food and water intake, whereas administration of spiperone (SP), a central D2-receptor antagonist suppresses DA-facilitated food and water intake. Bilateral lesions of nucleus accumbens and caudatus result in a sustained and significant decrease in food and(More)
Nucleus accumbens is proposed as one of the centers in the neural circuitry involved in the regulation of feeding and drinking behaviour in rats. Injection of dopamine and angiotensin-II into this nucleus has been documented to affect water and food intake in rats. Reports on the effect of intracerebral injection of catecholamines on feeding and drinking(More)
BACKGROUND Ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) plays a major role in food intake, obesity and energy homeostasis. There is a report of gender difference in energy balance with increased vulnerability of males to cardiac disease. PURPOSE Body metabolism is greatly influenced by the diet we eat and some of the blood parameters like plasma glucose, insulin,(More)