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This study reports on a facile and economical method for the scalable synthesis of few-layered graphene sheets by the microwave-assisted functionalization. Herein, single-layered and few-layered graphene sheets were produced by dispersion and exfoliation of functionalized graphite in ethylene glycol. Thermal treatment was used to prepare pure graphene(More)
Three dimensional computational models of both sides of human nasal passages were developed to investigate the effect of septal deviation on the flow patterns and deposition of micro/nano-particles in the realistic human nasal airways before and after septoplasty. A series of coronal CT scan images from a live 25-year old nonsmoking male with septal(More)
A finite volume-based computational model was developed to investigate the uniformity of the fluid flow across the hollow fiber membranes in blood oxygenation devices. A two-dimensional annular cross section of a blood oxygenation device including about 3,300 hollow fiber membranes was used in the computation model. The equations governing the steady(More)
Numerical simulations have been carried out on a model of the right passageway of an anonymous, adult male's nasal cavity, constructed from magnetic resonance imagery (MRI) scans. Steady, laminar, inspiratory flow was assumed to simulate inhalation. Analysis shows smoothly varying streamlines with a peak in velocity magnitude occurring in the nasal valves(More)
This article mainly concerns theoretical research on entropy generation influences due to heat transfer and flow in nanofluid suspensions. A conventional nanofluid of alumina-water (Al 2 O 3-H 2 O) was considered as the fluid model. Due to the sensitivity of entropy to duct diameter, mini-and microchannels with diameters of 3 mm and 0.05 mm were considered,(More)
Realistic 3-D models of the human nasal passages were developed pre and post virtual uncinectomy and Middle Meatal Antrostomy. A 3-D computational domain was constructed by a series of coronal CT scan images from a healthy subject. Then a virtual uncinectomy intervention and maxillary antrostomy were performed on the left nasal passage by removing the(More)
A 3-D realistic computational model of the airway system integrated into a standing male mannequin was developed. The computational domain includes the regions around the mannequin and the inside of the airway passages. The simulation was performed for low activity breathing rates with calm air around the mannequin. The flowfield of the inhaled air was(More)
Invasion percolation with trapping (IPT) and diffusion-limited aggregation (DLA) are simple fractal models, which are known to describe two-phase flow in porous media at well defined, but unphysical limits of the fluid properties and flow conditions. A decade ago, Fernandez, Rangel, and Rivero predicted a crossover from IPT (capillary fingering) to DLA(More)
Respiratory drug delivery has been under the research spotlight for the past few decades, mainly due to the high incidence of pulmonary diseases and the fact that this type of delivery offers the highest efficiency for treatment. Despite its invaluable benefits, there are some major drawbacks to respiratory drug delivery, the most important of which being(More)
An elastic-plastic model was developed to describe the deformation and permeability of fractured rocks under confining pressure. Elastic and elastic-plastic contact models were used in the model to analyze the deformations of a representative element containing a single fracture under various confining pressures. The present work utilized elements from(More)