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The primary risk factor for bladder cancer is cigarette smoking. Using a combined analysis of 11 case-control studies, we have accurately measured the relationship between cigarette smoking and bladder cancer in men. Available smoking information on 2,600 male bladder cancer cases and 5,524 male controls included duration of smoking habit, number of(More)
A multi-centre case-control study on bladder cancer and diet was carried out in 5 regions of Spain. We report results on 432 male cases and 792 matched controls. Usual dietary habits were investigated by means of an interview-based dietary history questionnaire. Bladder-cancer cases were selected from the registers of 12 hospitals located in the study(More)
BACKGROUND Although breastfeeding is the ideal way of nurturing infants, it can be a source of exposure to toxicants. This study reports the concentration of Hg, Pb and Cd in breast milk from a sample of women drawn from the general population of the Madrid Region, and explores the association between metal levels and socio-demographic factors, lifestyle(More)
The effect of the elevated temperatures on mortality experienced in Europe during the summer of 2003 was observed in several countries. This study, carried out in Spain, describes mortality between 1 June and 31 August and evaluates the effect of the heat wave on mortality. Observed deaths were obtained from official death registers from 50 provincial(More)
The association between tobacco smoking and bladder cancer was investigated in a multicenter case-control study conducted in five provinces of Spain between 1983 and 1986. A matched analysis was carried out in males, based on 430 histologically confirmed cases, 405 hospital controls, and 386 population controls, matched by age and place of residence. An(More)
BACKGROUND This study sought to ascertain whether there might be excess lung cancer mortality among the population residing in the vicinity of Spanish paper and board industries which report their emissions to the European Pollutant Emission Register (EPER). METHODS This was an ecological study that modelled the Standardised Mortality Ratio (SMR) for lung(More)
A case-control study on bladder cancer was carried out in four regions of Spain. The study included 497 cases (438 males and 59 females), 583 hospital controls and 530 population controls matched by sex, age and residence. The present paper reports the results of the analyses on occupational history. Among men, an increased risk of bladder cancer was found(More)
Background: Using a combined analysis of 11 case–control studies from Europe, we have investigated the relationship between cigarette smoking and bladder cancer in women. Methods: Available smoking information on 685 female bladder cancer cases and 2416 female controls included duration of smoking habit, number of cigarettes smoked per day, and time since(More)
BACKGROUND In Spain, few studies have evaluated prenatal exposure to heavy metals. The objective of this study was to describe lead, mercury and cadmium concentrations in blood from a sample of newborn-mother-father trios, as well as to investigate the association between metals in cord blood and parental variables. We also explored the relationship between(More)
Patients with Hodgkin's disease and nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphomas seem to have an excess risk for other cancers. A high incidence of other cancers has also been found in some series of patients with gastric MALT lymphomas. In a series of 136 patients with gastric MALT lymphomas the occurrence and features of other cancers have been described. In order to(More)