Gonzalo Hortelano

Learn More
Cell microencapsulation continues to hold significant promise for biotechnology and medicine. The controlled, and continuous, delivery of therapeutic products to the host by immunoisolated cells is a potentially cost-effective method to treat a wide range of diseases. Although there are several issues that need to be addressed, including capsule(More)
Microencapsulation of recombinant "universal" cells with immunoprotective membranes is an alternate approach to somatic gene therapy. Therapeutic gene products secreted by these cells can be delivered to different patients without immunosuppression or genetic modification of the host's cells. The encapsulation of different mammalian cell types (epithelial(More)
In 1964, T.M.S. Chang proposed the idea of using ultrathin polymer membrane microcapsules for the immunoprotection of transplanted cells and introduced the term ‘artificial cells’ to define the concept of bioencapsulation, which was successfully implemented 20 years later to immobilize xenograft islet cells. When implanted into rats, the microencapsulated(More)
Genetically modified cells encapsulated in alginate-poly-L-lysine-alginate (APA) are being developed to deliver therapeutic products to treat a variety of diseases. The characterization of the encapsulated cells thus becomes paramount. This study reports a novel method to assess the viability, granularity and proliferation of encapsulated cells based on(More)
Use of recombinant human proteins has revolutionized medicine by providing over 200 highly purified hormones and proteins that effectively treat many inherited and acquired peptide hormone and protein deficiencies. With the exception of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies, these biological medicines are synthesized by cultured cells using DNA sequences that(More)
The microencapsulation of recombinant cells is a novel and potentially cost-effective method of heterologous protein delivery. A 'universal' cell line, genetically modified to secrete any desired protein, is immunologically protected from tissue rejection by enclosure in microcapsules. The microcapsule can then be implanted in different recipients to(More)
BACKGROUND Hunter syndrome, mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II), is a X-linked inherited disorder caused by the deficiency of the enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS), involved in the lysosomal catabolism of the glycosaminoglycans (GAG) dermatan and heparan sulfate. Such a deficiency leads to the intracellular accumulation of undegraded GAG and eventually(More)
BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated that intramuscular implantation of primary myoblasts engineered to express vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) constitutively resulted in hemangioma formation and the appearance of VEGF in the circulation. To investigate the potential for using allogeneic myoblasts and the effects of delivery of VEGF-expressing(More)
Individuals with haemophilia B require replacement therapy with recombinant or plasma-derived coagulation factor IX (fIX). More benefit per injected dose might be obtained if fIX clearance could be slowed. The contribution of overall size to fIX clearance was explored, using genetic fusion to albumin. Recombinant murine fIX (MIX), and three proteins with(More)
A potentially cost-effective strategy for gene therapy of hemophilia B is to create universal factor IX-secreting cell lines suitable for implantation into different patients. To avoid graft rejection, the implanted cells are enclosed in alginate-polylysine-alginate microcapsules that are permeable to factor IX diffusion, but impermeable to the hosts'(More)