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BACKGROUND An increasing proportion of deaths among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons with access to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) are due to complications of liver diseases. METHODS We investigated the frequency of and risk factors associated with liver-related deaths in the Data Collection on Adverse Events of Anti-HIV(More)
BACKGROUND It remains controversial whether exposure to combination antiretroviral treatment increases the risk of myocardial infarction. METHODS In this prospective observational study, we enrolled 23,468 patients from 11 previously established cohorts from December 1999 to April 2001 and collected follow-up data until February 2002. Data were collected(More)
OBJECTIVES To test the presence of abnormalities of visual cortical excitability in people using ecstasy as a recreational drug. METHODS Ecstasy users and control subjects underwent single pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the occipital cortex. The phosphene threshold was analysed and compared in the two groups. RESULTS Phosphene(More)
On 11(th) March 2010, the European Commission issued a marketing authorization valid throughout the European Union for Revolade for the treatment of adult chronic immune (idiopathic) thrombocytopenic purpura. Revolade is an orphan medicinal product indicated for splenectomized patients with immune (idiopathic) thrombocytopenic purpura who are refractory to(More)
Although early and appropriate antibiotic therapy remains the most important intervention for successful treatment of septic shock, data guiding optimization of beta-lactam prescription in critically ill patients prescribed with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) are still limited. Being small hydrophilic molecules, beta-lactams are likely to be(More)
Background.  Although human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive persons on antiretroviral therapy (ART) frequently have chronic liver enzyme elevation (cLEE), the underlying cause is often unclear. Methods.  Data Collection on Adverse Events of Anti-HIV Drugs (D:A:D) Study participants without chronic viral hepatitis were observed to the earliest of cLEE(More)
BACKGROUND Dose reduction schedules of tumor necrosis factor antagonists (anti-TNF) as maintenance therapy in patients with spondyloarthritis are used empirically in clinical practice, despite the lack of clinical trials providing evidence for this practice. METHODS/DESIGN To address this issue the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) and Spanish Society(More)
The regulatory framework for biosimilars was established across Europe in 2005 based on the concept of biosimilarity. This legislation secures the manufacturing, evaluation, and market authorization (MA) of high-quality safe and efficacious biopharmaceuticals that are highly similar to their reference medicinal product (biosimilars). Demonstration of(More)
This investigation aimed to provide evidence on the lack of pharmacokinetic interaction of paroxetine (20 mg/d) and alprazolam (1 mg/d) in combined therapy. In addition, the central effects of both drugs when administered alone and in combination were assessed to rule out any relevant synergistic depressant central effect. Twenty-five healthy young adult(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The value of acetylsalicylic acid (ASS) in the secondary prevention of ischemic stroke is well established. However, the optimum dose of AAS for stroke-threatened patients remains unsettled. This paper reviews the pattern of adverse reactions to AAS and their relationship to the dosage of ASS evaluated. METHOD All the clinical(More)
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