Gonzalo C. de Guzman

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Inspired by the dynamic clamp of cellular neuroscience, this paper introduces VPI -- Virtual Partner Interaction -- a coupled dynamical system for studying real time interaction between a human and a machine. In this proof of concept study, human subjects coordinate hand movements with a virtual partner, an avatar of a hand whose movements are driven by a(More)
Humans are often faced with tasks that require stabilizing inherently unstable situations. The authors explored the dynamics of human functional stabilization by having participants continually balance a pole until a minimum time criterion was reached. Conditions were manipulated with respect to geometry, mass, and characteristic "fall time" of the pole.(More)
Spontaneous social coordination has been extensively described in natural settings but so far no controlled methodological approaches have been employed that systematically advance investigations into the possible self-organized nature of bond formation and dissolution between humans. We hypothesized that, under certain contexts, spontaneous synchrony-a(More)
Most studies examining the stability and change of patterns in biological coordination have focused on identifying generic bifurcation mechanisms in an already active set of components (see Kelso 1994). A less well understood phenomenon is the process by which previously quiescent degrees of freedom (df) are spontaneously recruited and active df suppressed.(More)
By showing that transitions may be obviated by recruiting degrees of freedom in the coupled pendulum paradigm, the authors reveal a novel mechanism for coordinative flexibility. In Experiment 1, participants swung pairs of unconstrained pendulums in 2 planes of motion (sagittal and frontal) at 8 movement frequencies starting from either an in-phase or(More)
Social neuroscience has called for new experimental paradigms aimed toward real-time interactions. A distinctive feature of interactions is mutual information exchange: One member of a pair changes in response to the other while simultaneously producing actions that alter the other. Combining mathematical and neurophysiological methods, we introduce a(More)
Most studies of movement coordination deal with temporal patterns of synchronization between components, often without regard to the actual amplitudes the components make. When such a system is required to produce a composite action that is spatially constrained, coordination persists, but its stability is modulated by spatial requirements effected, we(More)