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1. A series of flavonoids isolated from Indian medicinal plants: kaempferol-3-O-galactoside, hispidulin, nepetin, scutellarein, scutellarein-7-O-glucuronide, hibifolin and morelloflavone were studied for their activity as inhibitors of microsomal lipid peroxidation and scavengers of oxygen free radicals in vitro as well as in a model of xenobiotic toxicity(More)
1. A simple in vitro system was developed to study the effect of gamma-hydroxybutyrate on nerve cell depolarization-induced release of labelled dopamine, noradrenaline and 5-hydroxytryptamine from brain slices.2. The release of (3)H-dopamine formed in rat striatal slices incubated with (3)H-tyrosine was followed either by transferring the slices through(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) enhances survival and protects dopaminergic neurons from neurotoxicity. We have examined in primary cultures of fetal mesencephalic neurons the expression of BDNF transcripts and its regulation by glutamate receptor agonists. RT-PCR experiments showed in these cultures the expression of mRNA encoding for neurotrophin(More)
The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis pars ventralis (vBNST) receives dense noradrenergic terminals and contains the highest concentration of noradrenaline (NA) in the brain. We used autoradiography following retrograde axonal transport of [(3)H]-NA to identify selectively whether noradrenergic neurons innervating the vBNST originate in the medulla(More)
Six flavonoid derivatives were tested for their influence on Naja naja and human recombinant synovial phospholipase A2. They showed a selectivity for the last enzyme with IC50 = 14.3, 17.6, 12.2 and 28.2 microM for quercetagetin, kaempferol-3-O-galactoside, scutellarein and scutellarein-7-O-glucuronide, respectively, while reduced effects were observed for(More)
A simple in vitro system was developed to study the effect of gamma-hydroxybutyrate on nerve cell depolarization-induced release of labelled DA and 5-hydroxytryptamine. The release of (3)H-dopamine formed in rat striatal slices incubated with (3)3H-tyrosine was followed. A three minute exposure to K+ (53.0 mM) caused a thirty-fold increase in the release of(More)
The effects of the natural flavonoid hispidulin (6-methoxy-5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone) on bromobenzene-induced hepatotoxicity in mice were investigated. We found a correlation between liver injury and hepatic lipid peroxidation besides a strong liver glutathione depletion due to the toxicant. Hispidulin at doses between 50 and 150 mg/kg i.p. compared(More)