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1. A series of flavonoids isolated from Indian medicinal plants: kaempferol-3-O-galactoside, hispidulin, nepetin, scutellarein, scutellarein-7-O-glucuronide, hibifolin and morelloflavone were studied for their activity as inhibitors of microsomal lipid peroxidation and scavengers of oxygen free radicals in vitro as well as in a model of xenobiotic toxicity(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) enhances survival and protects dopaminergic neurons from neurotoxicity. We have examined in primary cultures of fetal mesencephalic neurons the expression of BDNF transcripts and its regulation by glutamate receptor agonists. RT-PCR experiments showed in these cultures the expression of mRNA encoding for neurotrophin(More)
Six flavonoid derivatives were tested for their influence on Naja naja and human recombinant synovial phospholipase A2. They showed a selectivity for the last enzyme with IC50 = 14.3, 17.6, 12.2 and 28.2 microM for quercetagetin, kaempferol-3-O-galactoside, scutellarein and scutellarein-7-O-glucuronide, respectively, while reduced effects were observed for(More)
The effects of the natural flavonoid hispidulin (6-methoxy-5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone) on bromobenzene-induced hepatotoxicity in mice were investigated. We found a correlation between liver injury and hepatic lipid peroxidation besides a strong liver glutathione depletion due to the toxicant. Hispidulin at doses between 50 and 150 mg/kg i.p. compared(More)
The in vivo microdialysis methodology was used to assess the effect of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor ligands on glutamate (GLU), aspartate (ASP) and gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA) extracellular levels in the striatum of anaesthetized rats, after damage to the dopamine (DA) nigrostriatal pathway by injections of different doses of 6-hydroxydopamine(More)
The microdialysis technique was utilized to study the effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor ligands on the in vivo release of endogenous glutamate (Glu) and aspartate (Asp) from the rat striatum. Addition of NMDA (250 and 500 microM) to the dialysis perfusion solution resulted in a striking dose-dependent increase in extracellular concentrations(More)
The identity of the postulated excitatory transmitter released by glomus cells is not known. Since our preliminary work on paraffin sections of the cat carotid body indicated that most glomus cells were intensely immunoreactive to glutamate, we decided to investigate whether glutamate might be such a transmitter, using two approaches. One approach was to(More)
1. The effects of acute D-amphetamine administration to rats on the release of endogenous excitatory amino acids from nucleus accumbens slices were studied. 2. D-amphetamine (5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg; i.p.) significantly increased the spontaneous release of aspartate and glutamate from nucleus accumbens slices. 3. In contrast, D-amphetamine either produced no(More)
The microdialysis technique was used to study the in vivo extracellular levels of norepinephrine in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. A basal level of 2.34 +/-0.25 fmol/microl of norepinephrine was observed. Desipramine (2 and 10 microM), a norepinephrine uptake blocker, significantly increased extracellular levels of norepinephrine. Reversed(More)