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Intracranial electroencephalographic patterns of seizure onset during preoperative assessment with intracerebral and subdural electrodes have been correlated with surgical outcome in 15 patients with partial epilepsy assessed for surgery. The presence and topography of electrodecremental events, high frequency activity, irregular sharp waves intermixed with(More)
Although acute electrocorticography (ECoG) is routinely performed during epilepsy surgery there is little evidence that the extent of the discharging regions is a useful guide to tailoring the resection or that the findings are predictive of outcome or pathology. Patterns of discharge propagation have, however, rarely been considered in assessing the ECoG.(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal late responses to single pulse electrical stimulation (SPES) in patients with intracranial recordings can identify epileptogenic cortex. We aimed to investigate the presence of neuropathological abnormalities in abnormal SPES areas and to establish if removal of these areas improved postsurgical seizure control. METHODS We studied(More)
Auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) were obtained from 33 schizophrenics, from 16 families multiply affected with schizophrenia, 57 of their non-schizophrenic first-degree relatives and 32 unrelated healthy controls. Transmission of schizophrenia in these families appeared unilinear with one parent only transmitting the disorder. Consequently, we were(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate in vivo cortical excitability in the human brain. We studied 45 consecutive patients with refractory epilepsy in whom subdural or intracerebral electrodes were implanted for assessment prior to epilepsy surgery. We compared cortical responses to single pulse stimulation (up to 8 mA, 1 ms duration) in areas(More)
Algorithms for low-pass and high-pass three-pole recursive Butterworth filters of a given cut-off frequency have been developed. A band-pass filter can be implemented by sequential application of algorithms for low- and high-pass filters. The algorithms correspond to infinite impulse-response filters that have been designed by applying the bilinear(More)
The hypothesis that focal scalp EEG and MEG interictal epileptiform activity can be modelled by single dipoles or by a limited number of dipoles was examined. The time course and spatial distribution of interictal activity recorded simultaneously by surface electrodes and by electrodes next to mesial temporal structures in 12 patients being assessed for(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine predictors for surgical outcome in the presurgical assessment of frontal lobe epilepsy. METHODS Thirty seven patients were operated on for frontal lobe epilepsy between 1975 and 1996. Their medical records were reviewed for ictal semiology, age at onset, duration of the epilepsy, age at operation, preoperative interictal and ictal(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether it is worth pursuing surgery for the treatment of epilepsy in patients with normal neuroimaging. METHODS Two patient populations were studied: (1) 136 consecutive patients who were surgically treated; (2) 105 consecutive patients assessed with chronically implanted intracranial electrodes within the same period. Sixty(More)
OBJECTIVES Some authors have recently stressed that the position of the tip of sphenoidal electrodes plays a crucial role in their efficacy in detecting ictal onset. An opportunity to test this hypothesis is provided by recordings from the most superficial contacts of foramen ovale (FO) electrode bundles because these contacts are located at the FO, in a(More)