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Two transgenic rice (Oryza sativa L.) lines, KMD1 and KMD2 at the R4 generation, transformed with a synthetic cry1Ab gene from Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner, were first evaluated for stem borer resistance in the field during the rice growing season of 1998 in two areas of Zhejiang Province, China. Both KMD1 and KMD2 were highly resistant to the stem(More)
One major concern regarding the release of Bt rice is its potential impact through tritrophic interactions on nontarget arthropods, especially natural enemies. We studied the effects of two Bt transgenic rice varieties, TT9- 3 and KMD1, expressing Cry1Ab/Cry1Ac and Cry1Ab, respectively, on a predatory ground spider [Ummeliata insecticeps (Bösenberg et(More)
Age determination is the basis of determining the postmortem interval using necrophagous fly larvae. To explore the potential of using cuticular hydrocarbons for determining the ages of fly larvae, changes of cuticular hydrocarbons in developing larvae of Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) were investigated using gas chromatography(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are an essential component of innate immunity which can rapidly respond to diverse microbial pathogens. Insects, as a rich source of AMPs, attract great attention of scientists in both understanding of the basic biology of the immune system and searching molecular templates for anti-infective drug design. Despite a large number(More)
Nontarget impacts of six transgenic Bt rice lines (expressing the Cry1Ab or Cry1Ab/Cry1Ac protein) on the thrips, Stenchaetothrips biformis (Bagnall), attacking the rice seedling and tillering stages, were evaluated under laboratory and field conditions. Laboratory results showed relatively longer larval, pupal development and preoviposition durations of S.(More)
CD8+ T cells mediate some of the damage to the lung epithelium following respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Since CD8+ T cells recognize antigen-laden class I MHC molecules on the target cells, we examined in this study the expression of class I MHC by RSV-infected respiratory epithelial cells. Respiratory epithelial cell lines and bronchial(More)
In 2003 and 2004, Þeld studies were conducted at three sites in Zhejiang Province in China to assess the impacts ofBacillus thuringiensis(Bt)Berliner riceexpressing a fusedgeneof cry1Ab and cry1Ac on nontarget planthoppers and leafhoppers. Populations in Bt plots were sampled with yellow sticky card traps, Malaise traps, and a vacuum-suction machine, and(More)
A cDNA of the vitellogenin (Vg) protein gene was isolated from the endoparasitoid Pteromalus puparum and characterized. The putative coding sequence was found to be 5634 bp long, encoding 1803 amino acids in a single open reading frame. The chemically determined N-terminal amino acid sequence of vitellin completely matched the deduced amino acid sequence(More)
The Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (GuenCe), is a major pest of maize in China. Transgenic Bt maize could provide an effective way to control this pest. However, the potential of resistance evolution has been documented in the laboratory-a CrylAb-resistant strain of Asian corn borer (Asian corn borer-AbR) could survive well on two Bt maize events,(More)
Bladder cancer is a highly heterogeneous neoplasm. We examined the gene expression profile in 3 bladder cancer stages (Ta, T1, T2) using expression microarray analysis of 40 bladder tumors. Differentially expressed genes were found by the t-test, with <0.005 as the significance threshold. KEGG pathway-enrichment analysis was used to study the signaling(More)