Gong-ping Liu

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An intrinsic link between proteasome and tau degradation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been suggested, however, the role of proteasome in the proteolysis of tau is still uncertain. Here, we investigated the influence of proteasome inhibition on the accumulation, phosphorylation, ubiquitination, solubility of tau and the memory retention in rats. We(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the mechanism is elusive. Here, we found that high plasma homocysteine induced by vena caudalis injection for 2 weeks could induce AD-like tau hyperphosphorylation at multiple sites in rat brain hippocampus. Homocysteine inhibited the activity of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) with a(More)
The activity of protein phosphatase-2A (PP-2A) is significantly suppressed in the brain of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, but the mechanism is not understood. Here, we found an in vivo association of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK-3beta) with inhibitor-2 of PP-2A (I(2)(PP-2A)). The activation of GSK-3 resulted in accumulation of I(2)(PP-2A) with(More)
Dysfunction of proteasome contributes to the accumulation of the abnormally hyperphosphorylated tau in Alzheimer's disease. However, whether tau hyperphosphorylation and accumulation affect the activity of proteasome is elusive. Here we found that a moderate tau phosphorylation activated the trypsin-like activity of proteasome, whereas further(More)
Protein phosphatase-2A (PP2A) activity is significantly suppressed in Alzheimer's disease. We have reported that glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) inhibits PP2A via upregulating the phosphorylation of PP2A catalytic subunit (PP2A(C)). Here we studied the effects of GSK-3β on the inhibitory demethylation of PP2A at leucine-309 (dmL309-PP2A(C)). We found(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia and beta-amyloid (Abeta) overproduction are critical etiological and pathological factors in Alzheimer disease, respectively; however, the intrinsic link between them is still missing. Here, we found that Abeta levels increased and amyloid precursor protein (APP) levels simultaneously decreased in hyperhomocysteinemic rats after a(More)
One of the earliest neuropathological changes in Alzheimer disease (AD) is the accumulation of astrocytes at sites of β-amyloid (Aβ) deposits, but the cause of this cellular response is unclear. As the activity of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is significantly decreased in the AD brains, we studied the role of PP2A in astrocytes migration. We observed(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Our previous work has demonstrated that combined folate and vitamin B12 (vit-B12) supplementation prevents tau hyperphosphorylation and memory deficits induced by acute administration of homocysteine in young rats. Here, we further investigated whether folate/vit-B12(More)
PDMS/ceramic composite membrane was directly integrated with acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation using Clostridium acetobutylicum XY16 at 37 °C and in situ removing ABE from fermentation broth. The membrane was integrated with batch fermentation, and approximately 46 % solvent was extracted. The solvent in permeates was 118 g/L, and solvent(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia (Hhcy) may induce memory deficits with β-amyloid (Aβ) accumulation and tau hyperphosphorylation. Simultaneous supplement of folate and vitamin B12 partially restored the plasma homocysteine level and attenuated tau hyperphosphorylation, Aβ accumulation and memory impairments induced by Hhcy. However, folate and vitamin B12 treatment(More)