Learn More
Effects of ranolazine alone and in the presence of phenylephrine (PE) or isoproterenol (ISO) on hemodynamics, coronary blood flow and heart rate (HR) in the absence and presence of hexamethonium (a ganglionic blocker) were studied in conscious dogs. Ranolazine (0.4, 1.2, 3.6, and 6 mg/kg, intravenous) alone caused transient (<1 minute) and reversible(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of vasodilation by CVT-3146 in different vascular beds and to compare it with that by adenosine in conscious dogs. Intravenous bolus injections of CVT-3146 (0.1-2.5 microg/kg) or adenosine (10-250 microg/kg) caused a dose-dependent increase in the coronary blood flow (CBF) and a dose-dependent(More)
Effects of caffeine on regadenoson-induced coronary vasodilation and changes in hemodynamics were examined in conscious dogs. Sixteen dogs were chronically instrumented for measurements of coronary blood flow (CBF), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR). Regadenoson (5 microg/kg, IV) increased CBF from 34 +/- 2 to 191 +/- 7 mL/min. The duration(More)
Inhibition of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) is associated with an increase in glucose uptake by the heart. We have already shown that Type I diabetes also causes a decrease in eNOS protein expression and altered NO control of both coronary vascular resistance and oxygen consumption. Therefore, we predict that the increase in plasma glucose(More)
The authors sought to demonstrate the advantages of a selective, potent, short-acting A adenosine receptor agonist, CVT-3146 (2-(N-pyrazolyl)Ado derivative), for potential clinical use as a coronary vasodilator during myocardial perfusion imaging. The use of adenosine in a pharmacological stress test during myocardial imaging is limited by side effects(More)
BACKGROUND Regadenoson is a coronary vasodilator that causes tachycardia via activation of the sympathetic nervous system. We determined whether β(1)-adrenergic blockade can attenuate tachycardia without significantly reducing coronary vasodilation induced by regadenoson. METHODS AND RESULTS Hemodynamics and coronary blood flow (CBF) were measured in(More)
Our goal was to determine the effect of regadenoson (a novel A2A adenosine receptor agonist) on the QT interval in conscious dogs. Sixteen mongrel dogs were chronically instrumented for measurements of blood pressure and ECG. Regadenoson (2.5, 5, and 10 microg/kg, IV) caused a dose-dependent QT interval shortening (DeltaQT: 14 +/- 3, 24 +/- 5, and 27 +/- 5(More)
Effects of ranolazine on isosorbide dinitrate- and on sildenafil-induced changes in mean arterial pressure and heart rate were assessed in conscious dogs. Dogs (n = 7) were chronically instrumented for measurements of mean arterial pressure and heart rate. Bolus intravenous injections of either isosorbide dinitrate (0.2 mg/kg) or sildenafil (0.5 mg/kg)(More)
The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the regulation of 02 consumption was studied in chronically instrumented conscious dogs. A specific NO synthesis inhibitor, nitro-L-arginine (NLA, 30 mg/kg IV), significantly increased mean arterial pressure from 100±4 to 134±5 mm Hg (mean±SEM) and total peripheral resistance by 157±16% and reduced cardiac output by 47±3%(More)
  • 1