Gomathinayagam Ponniah

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Diabetic tissues are enriched in an "activated" form of human aldose reductase (hAR), a NADPH-dependent oxidoreductase involved in sugar metabolism. Activated hAR has reduced sensitivity to potential anti-diabetes drugs. The C298S mutant of hAR reproduces many characteristics of activated hAR, although it differs from wild-type hAR only by the replacement(More)
Candida albicans utilizes mammalian cell-associated transglutaminase (TGase) activity to adhere covalently to human buccal epithelial cells (BECs) through Hyphal Wall Protein 1. Little is known about the factors leading to the identity and appearance of Hwp1 binding partners on cells lining the oral cavity. The observation that BECs vary in their ability to(More)
A culture-independent method called mRNA profiling has been developed for the analysis of fecal enterobacteria and their physiological status in environmental samples. This taxon-specific approach determines the single-cell content of selected gene transcripts whose abundance is either directly or inversely proportional to growth state. Fluorescence in situ(More)
Recombinant monoclonal antibody charge heterogeneity has been commonly observed as multiple bands or peaks when analyzed by charge-based analytical methods such as isoelectric focusing electrophoresis and cation or anion exchange chromatography. Those charge variants have been separated by some of the above-mentioned methods and used for detailed(More)
Charge variants, especially acidic charge variants, of recombinant monoclonal antibodies have been challenging to fully characterize despite the fact that several posttranslational modifications have already been identified. The acidic species of a recombinant monoclonal antibody were collected using weak cation exchange (WCX)-10 chromatography and(More)
Tremendous knowledge has been gained in the understanding of various modifications of IgG antibodies, driven mainly by the fact that antibodies are one of the most important groups of therapeutic molecules and because of the development of advanced analytical techniques. Recombinant monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapeutics expressed in mammalian cell lines(More)
A recombinant monoclonal antibody with trisulfide bonds and cysteinylation was thoroughly characterized in the current study. Trisulfide bonds and cysteinylation were first detected when the recombinant monoclonal antibody was analyzed by LC-MS to determine the molecular weights of the intact antibody and its F(ab')2 fragment generated from IdeS digestion.(More)
Methionine (Met) oxidation is a major modification of proteins, which converts Met to Met sulfoxide as the common product. It is challenging to determine the level of Met sulfoxide, because it can be generated during sample preparation and analysis as an artifact. To determine the level of Met sulfoxide in proteins accurately, an isotope labeling and LC-MS(More)
Glycation is a common modification of proteins both in vitro and in vivo. To aid identification and comparative quantitation, a method of stable isotope labeling followed by LC-MS analysis was proposed. The samples were reduced using sodium borohydride or sodium borodeuteride. Reduction of the Schiff base between the amine group and the reducing sugars(More)
The efficiency of enterobacterial disinfection is dependent largely on enterobacterial community physiology. However, the relationship between enterobacterial community physiology and wastewater processing is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate this relationship. The influence of wastewater treatment processes on enterobacterial community(More)